Question

# Ethyl alcohol has a boiling point of 78.0°C, a freezing point of -114°C, a heat of vaporization of 879 kJ/kg, a heat of fusion of 109 kJ/kg, and a specific heat of 2.43 kJ/kg·K. How much energy must be removed from 0.510 kg of ethyl alcohol that is initially a gas at 78.0°C so that it becomes a solid at -114°C?

Solutions

Verified
Step 1
1 of 4

The amount of energy required $\textbf{per unit mass}$ to change the state (but not the temperature) of a particular material is its heat of transformation $L$. Thus,

$Q_t = L \cdot m$

$\textbf{The heat of vaporization}$ $L_V$ is the amount of energy per unit mass that must be added to vaporize a liquid or that must be removed to condense a gas.

$\textbf{The heat of fusion}$ $L_F$ is the amount of energy per unit mass that must be added to melt a solid or that must be removed to freeze a liquid.

If heat $Q$ is absorbed by an object that has mass $m$, the object’s temperature change $T_f - T_i$ is related to $Q$ by

$Q = c \cdot m \cdot (T_f - T_i)$

Where $c$ is the specific heat of the material making up the object.

## Recommended textbook solutions #### Physics: Principles with Applications

6th EditionISBN: 9780130606204 (3 more)Giancoli
4,384 solutions #### Fundamentals of Physics

8th EditionISBN: 9780471758013Halliday, Resnick, Walker
9,467 solutions #### Fundamentals of Physics

10th EditionISBN: 9781118230718 (5 more)David Halliday, Jearl Walker, Robert Resnick
8,950 solutions #### Fundamentals of Physics, Extended

11th EditionISBN: 9781119306856 (3 more)David Halliday, Jearl Walker, Robert Resnick
9,566 solutions