How did the Eastern Roman Empire evolve into the Byzantine Empire?
In the Eastern Roman Empire there were problems, such as too much territory to be protected, population decline as a result of the plague, economic instability. The Eastern Roman Empire faced numerous attacks and the rise of Islam. After numerous defeats, the Eastern Roman Empire became a much smaller state. In the eighth century, the smaller Eastern Roman Empire became the Byzantine Empire.
The Eastern Roman Empire developed into the Byzantine empire as external threats and domestic changes, such as the promulgation and use of new languages and law codes, led to both changes in the physical boundaries of the empire and in the culture and practices of the empire that would eventually differ the resulting Byzantine Empire from its previous Eastern Roman incarnation.
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