Question

Researchers investigating conditioning throughout the history of psychology reached very different conclusions about how humans learn behaviors. Explain how these theorists might explain this example of behavior and response: A child cries when she sees a large pile of peas on her dinner plate. • Edward L. Thorndike • B.F. Skinner • Ivan Pavlov • Albert Bandura

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Edward Thorndike suggested that behavior followed by pleasurable consequences tends to occur again as well as that behavior followed by unpleasant consequences tends to occur less and less often. If a child cries when she sees a large pile of peas on her dinner plate, she may have learned that each time she cries when there are peas on her plate, she will get something else to eat. In this case, because her behavior has pleasurable consequences, it reoccurs.

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