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A karyotype is a micrograph that maps out the pairs of homologous chromosomes that are ordered in decreasing size. In humans, this consists of 22 autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes.
Scientists use this tool to check some chromosomal aberrations or abnormalities that are present, may be it on the number or the appearance of the chromosomes.
By quick inspection, genetic disorders such as Down syndrome or Trisomy 21 can be detected by having a greater number of chromosomes.
Karyotype helps to study the presence and location of genes on chromosome. This also helps to find the mutations such as duplication or deletions.
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