Suppose that dollars is invested at an annual interest rate of . If the accumulated interest is credited to the account at the end of the year, then the interest is said to be compounded annually; if it is credited at the end of each 6-month period, then it is said to be compounded semiannually; and if it is credited at the end of each 3-month period, then it is said to be compounded quarterly. The more frequently the interest is compounded, the better it is for the investor since more of the interest is itself earning interest.
One can imagine interest to be compounded each day, each hour, each minute, and so forth. Carried to the limit one can conceive of interest compounded at each instant of time; this is called continuous compounding. Thus, from part (a), the value of dollars after years when invested at an annual rate of , compounded continuously, is
Use the fact that to prove that .
In this exercise, we need to show that the given statement is correct.
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