## Related questions with answers

Table of yearly discharge (cubic kilometers of water) of the Mississippi river gives the volume of water discharged by the Mississippi River into th Gulf of Mexico for each year from 1954 to 2001. The units are cubic kilometers of water-the Mississippi is a big river.

(a) Make a graph of the distribution of water volume. Describe the overall shape of the distribution and any outliers.

(b) Based on the shape of the distribution, do you expect the mean to be close to the median, clearly less than the median, or clearly greater than the median? Why? Find the mean and the median to check your answer.

$\begin{array}{cc|cc|cc} \text { YEAR } & \text { DISCHARGE } & \text { YEAR } & \text { DISCHARGE } & \text { YEAR } & \text { DISCHARGE } \\ \hline 1954 & 290 & 1970 & 540 & 1986 & 600 \\ \hline 1955 & 420 & 1971 & 480 & 1987 & 450 \\ \hline 1956 & 390 & 1972 & 600 & 1988 & 420 \\ \hline 1957 & 610 & 1973 & 880 & 1989 & 630 \\ \hline 1958 & 550 & 1974 & 710 & 1990 & 680 \\ \hline 1959 & 440 & 1975 & 670 & 1991 & 700 \\ \hline 1960 & 470 & 1976 & 420 & 1992 & 510 \\ \hline 1961 & 600 & 1977 & 430 & 1993 & 900 \\ \hline 1962 & 550 & 1978 & 560 & 1994 & 640 \\ \hline 1963 & 360 & 1979 & 800 & 1995 & 590 \\ \hline 1964 & 390 & 1980 & 500 & 1996 & 670 \\ \hline 1965 & 500 & 1981 & 420 & 1997 & 680 \\ \hline 1966 & 410 & 1982 & 640 & 1998 & 690 \\ \hline 1967 & 460 & 1983 & 770 & 1999 & 580 \\ \hline 1968 & 510 & 1984 & 710 & 2000 & 390 \\ \hline 1969 & 560 & 1985 & 680 & 2001 & 580 \\ \hline \end{array}$

(c) Based on the shape of the distribution, does it seem reasonable to use $\bar{x}$ and s to describe the center and variability of this distribution? Why? Find $\bar{x}$ and s if you think they are a good choice. Otherwise, find the five-number summary.

Solution

Verifieda. HISTOGRAM

The width of the bars has to be the same and the height has to be equal to the frequency.

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