Question

The maternity ward at Dr. Jose Fabella Memorial Hospital in Manila in the Philippines is one of the busiest in the world with an average of 60 births per day. Let X = the number of births in an hour. a. Find the mean and standard deviation of X. b. Sketch a graph of the probability distribution of X. c. What is the probability that the maternity ward will deliver three babies in one hour? d. What is the probability that the maternity ward will deliver at most three babies in one hour? e. What is the probability that the maternity ward will deliver more than five babies in one hour?

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We know that there are on average, 60 births in a day. We can find the average number of births in one hour as:

6024=2.5\frac{60}{24}=2.5

(a)\color{#c34632}{(a)}

Variable X, defined as the number of births in an hour, has a Poisson distribution with parameter 2.5. The mean and standard deviation of a Poisson distribution with parameter pp are:

μ=p,s=p\mu=p,\quad s=\sqrt{p}

Thus, the mean of variable X is 2.5 and standard deviation is 2.5=1.5811\sqrt{2.5}=1.5811

(b)\color{#c34632}{(b)}

A graph of the probability distribution of X is:

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