Question

Use your notes to list specific events in the Arab-Israeli conflict.

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1939: The League of Nations limits Jewish inmigration because of tension between the Palestinian people and zionist Jewish immigrants. 1947: The UN divides the Palestine Mandate. 1948: Ben Gurion announces the establishment of the State of Israel. Many Arabian states gain independence around the same time. They saw the new State as an insult to the Palestinian people. Another wave of migration takes place: Jewish people flee from Arabian countries to Israel; Palestinians take refuge in Arabian countries such as Egypt. 1956: Nasser, the main figure of Pan-Arabism, sees Israel as an enemy. The Suez Canal crisis furthered the tension. 1967: Nasser imposes a blockade on Israeli shipping and threatens Israel. Arab armies march toward Israeli borders. Israel launches an airstrike that almost destroys Egypt´s air force. They also take over the West Bank, Sinai, Gaza, Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. This conflict is called the Six-Day War. The Arab states respond with the Khartoum resolution: they will not make peace with Israel. 1973: Egypt and Syria launched an attack on Israel, in Yom Kippur, a sacred day for Jewish people. Israel fights back and pushes into Egypt. 1974: The Yom-Kippur conflict officially ends. 1979: Israel returns the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt as a result of a series of negotiations promoted by the U.S. president, Jimmy Carter. Egypt recognizes Israel as a legitimate state. However, many Arabian nations do not follow this agreement. 1980: the Intifada, an uprising led by the PLO- the Palestinian Liberation Organization- concentrates on Israeli held territories since 1967. 1993: the PLO renounces terrorism and recognized terrorism in exchange for autonomy in the West Bank.

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