Question

What kinds of reactions are common to alkenes? Give an example of each.

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Combustion is when an alkene reacts with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water, and heat.

Complete combustion of propane:

CH2=CHCH3(g)+9O2(g)3CO2+6H2O\text{CH}_2\text{=CH}\text{CH}_3(g) + 9\text{O}_2(g) \rightarrow 3\text{CO}_2 + 6\text{H}_2\text{O}

These reactions involve turning carbon–carbon double bonds into a single bond with the addition of atoms. Hydrogenation replaces double bonds with hydrogen turning the unsaturated hydrocarbon into a saturated hydrocarbon.

Addition Reaction: propene to dichloropropene.

CH2=CHCH3+Cl2ClCHCH2ClCH3\text{CH}_2\text{=CH}\text{CH}_3 + \text{Cl}_2 \rightarrow \text{Cl}\text{CH}\text{CH}_2\text{ClCH}_3

Hydrogenation Reaction: propene to propane.

CH2=CHCH3+H2catalystCH3CH2CH3\text{CH}_2\text{=CH}\text{CH}_3 + \text{H}_2\xrightarrow{\text{catalyst}} \text{CH}_3\text{CH}_2\text{CH}_3

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