Question

When gasoline burns in an automobile engine, nitric oxide is formed from oxygen and nitrogen. Nitric oxide is a major air pollutant. High temperatures, such as those found in a combustion engine, are needed for the following reaction:

N2(g)+O2(g)2NO(g)\mathrm { N } _ { 2 } ( g ) + \mathrm { O } _ { 2 } ( g ) \Longleftrightarrow 2 \mathrm { NO } ( g )

. K for the reaction is 0.01 at

2000C2000 ^ { \circ } \mathrm { C }

. If 4.0 mol of

N2N_2

, 0.1 mol of

O2O_2

, and 0.08 mol of NO are placed in a 1.0-L vessel at

2000C2000 ^ { \circ } \mathrm { C }

, predict which reaction will be favored.

Solution

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Nitric oxide is formed when gasoline burns in an automobile engine. We are asked to predict which reaction will be favored (forward or reverse) under conditions given in this exercise.

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