-Encoding: To store the name of a new classmate in our brains, we must encode the name. Since a name is a “declarative memory,” encoding it requires effortful processing, in which the sensory memory of the sound of the name is passed into our working memory, where we rehearse it.
-Storage: After sufficient rehearsal of the name, we store it in our long-term memory.
-Retrieval: Later, we can retrieve the name from long-term storage, bringing it back into working memory, where we use it and add new information (e.g. associating aspects of our new classmate’s personality with his name) before storing it again