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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. transport to the operating room
  2. anxiety (specify level)
  3. The best time for preoperative education is
  4. causes of hyperphosphatemia
  5. comfort measures for pain
  1. a related to:
    knowledge deficit of impending surgery
    threat of loss of body part
  2. b decrease external stimuli
    reduce interruptions and eliminate odors
  3. c 1 to 2 days before the surgery is scheduled.
  4. d decreased renal excretion; tumor lysis syndrome; inc. intake of phosphorus
  5. e compare patient's ID bracelet to the medical record
    assist patient to stretcher
    direct family to appropriate waiting area. if family members plan to leave during the procedure, ensure there is a way to contact them and give them phone numbers of the nurse's station and patient's room.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. if the patient was hospitalized before surgery and will return to the same nursing unit, prepare the bed and room for the patient's return. arrange furniture so that the gurney can easily be brought to the bedside. place the bed in the HIGH position with the bed rails down on the receiving side and up on the other side. a postoperative bedside unit should include the following:
    sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, and thermometer
    emesis basin
    clean gown
    wash cloth, towel, and facial tissues
    IV pole and pump
    suction equipment
    oxygen equipment
    extra pillows ans bed pads
    PCA pump, as needed
  2. decreased tissue perfusion; decreased blood volume: hypotension, tachycardia, oluria, tissue dehydration: loss of skin turgor, temp. elevation; BUN, USG, hematocrit elevated
  3. CNS problems; muscle weakness; increased motility, orthostatic hypotension
  4. turn, cough, and deep-breathe every 2 hours
    analgesics
    early mobility
    frequent positioning
  5. related to:
    temporary role change of patient
    impending severity of surgery

5 True/False questions

  1. respiratory preparationINCENTIVE SPIROMETRY
    prevent or treat atelectasis
    improve lung expansion
    improve oxygenation

          

  2. ARAB-AMERICANSverbal consent often has more meaning than written consent because it is based on trust. fully explain the need for written consent. the patient is expressive regarding pain; pain may cause intense fear. prepare for painful procedures, and develop a care plan to prevent pain

          

  3. Gastrointestinal statusMAJOR: involves extensive reconstruction or alteration in body parts; poses great risks to well-being e.g. coronary artery bypass, colon resection, gastric resection

    MINOR: involves minimal alteration in body parts; often designed to correct deformities; involves minimal risks compared with those of major procedures e.g. cataract extraction, skin graft, tooth extraction.

          

  4. Major cationsHCO-3. CL-,

          

  5. maifestations of hypernatremiaCNS problems; muscle weakness; increased motility, orthostatic hypotension

          

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