5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- causes of hyperkalemia
- potassium is also lost during
- Chvostek's sign
- a maintain patency: keep head tilted up and back; position on side with the face down and the neck slightly extended.
note presence or absence of gag or swallowing reflex; stay at bedside until gag reflex returns.
suction until awake and alert.
provide oxygen if necessary
- b tap face just below and in front of ear (over) facial nerve to trigger facial twitching on one side of face, nose and cheek
- c catabolism (tissue breakdown from severe trauma or crush injuries)
- d Common causes include decreased intake of fluids or excessive vomiting, diarrhea, hemorrhage, urine output
- e Excessive intake, renal failure, transfusions, adernal insufficiency, potassium-sparing diuretics; acidosis; hyperuricemia, crush injuries
5 Multiple choice questions
- risk of aspiration
atelectasis - lung collapse
altered tissue perfusion
DISORIENTATION OR TOXIC reactions can occur in the older adult relate to the administration of anesthetics, sedatives, or analgesics. these reactions are often present for day after administration of the medication
- 2 to 3 days after solid foods are started, patient should have stool
suppository or tap water enema
- renders only a specific region of the body insentive to pain
nerve block, spinal, or epidural anesthesia
- preoperative assessment must include home medications in use
over the counter medications
potential impact of medications on the surgical experience?
- Depression of the resp. center, conditions affecting pulmonary function (pneumonia, atelectasis), copd, trauma
5 True/False questions
E → emboli. previous embolic events (such as lower leg blood clots) may recur because of prolonged immobility.
patients whose immune systems are suppressed are at a much higher risk for development of postoperative infection and are less capable of fighting that infection
manifestations of hypocalcemia → impaired nerve excitement and transmission, muscle weakness, cardiac dysrhythmias, assess respiratory status first; paralytic ileus; alkalosis, tachycardia
skin integrity, risk for impaired, → related to:
immobilization during surgery
informed consent → the patient's Bill of Rights affirms that patients must give (permission to perform a specific test or procedure) before the beginning of any procedure. in signing the consent form, the patient must be competent and agrees to have the procedure that is state on the form.
information must be clear
ability to understand (language, disabilities)
metabolic acidosis → characterized by low PaCO2 due to hyperventilation Breathe into bag