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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hyperkalemia
  2. true statements regarding medications and surgery:
  3. manifestations of resp. alkalosis
  4. surgical patients are a the GREATEST RISK of developing:
  5. sodium and potassium depletion
  1. a can occur after surgery as a result of the loss of blood or body fluids during surgery or the loss of GI secretion because of the vomiting and NG tubes.
  2. b rapid deep breathing; seizures, confusion, hypokalemia, muscle weakness, numbness of extremities
  3. c 1. review of the patient's current medication regimen is essential; the multiple medications predisposes patients to adverse drug reactions and interactions with other medications.

    2. a seriously ill patient may receive as many as 20 medications in a perioperative setting at one time.

    3. the patient's chart should be "flagged" to alert all health care providers to the patient's allergy status. the patient with a history of allergic responsiveness has a greater potential for demonstrating hypersensitivity reactions to anesthetic agents.
  4. d Life threatening deep-vein thrombosis ans pulmonary embolism. no only surgery injure blood vessels, but anesthesia and inactivity also cause venous stasis.
  5. e Serium potassium >5.0

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. characterized by an increase in HCO3 levels, leading to a decrease in H+, causing an increase in PH
  2. nausea, vomiting, restlessness, muscle cramps, seizures, hypoventilation, dysrhythmias, tingling toes or fingers
  3. verbal consent often has more meaning than written consent because it is based on trust. fully explain the need for written consent. the patient is expressive regarding pain; pain may cause intense fear. prepare for painful procedures, and develop a care plan to prevent pain
  4. the effectiveness of the plan of care is evaluated by the nurse
  5. related to:
    emergency nature of surgery

5 True/False questions

  1. hypovolemiaCommon causes include decreased intake of fluids or excessive vomiting, diarrhea, hemorrhage, urine output


    prevent or treat atelectasis
    improve lung expansion
    improve oxygenation


  3. anesthesia three categoriescharacterized by excessive retention of CO2 due to hypovention, increased carbonic acid causes H+ to increase, PH decreases


  4. the following is an accurate statement regarding the older adult facing surgery:the witness of a consent form is only verifying that this is the person who signed the consent and that it was a voluntary consent. the witness (often a nurse) is not verifying that the patient understands the procedure.


  5. preoperative nursing diagnosesairway clearance, ineffective, related to:
    diminished cough (post operative)
    increased pulmonary congestion
    retain secretions
    prolong sedation