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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. URGENCY
  2. ECF
  3. coping, ineffective,
  4. hypervolemia
  5. hyperphosphatemia
  1. a serum potassium level > 4.5; causes decrease in calcium`
  2. b NA+
  3. c Extracellular fluid volume excess (circulatory overload); retention of sodium and water in intravascular and interstitial spaces
  4. d ELECTIVE: performed on basis of patient's choice e.g. bunionectomy, plastic surgery.

    URGENT: Necessary for patient's choice e.g. excision of cancerous tumor, removal of gallbladder for stones, vascular repair for obstructed artery e.g. coronary artery bypass

    EMERGENCY: MUST be done immediately to save life or preserve function of body part e.g. removal of perforated appendix, repair of traumatic amputation, control of internal hemorrhaging.
  5. e related to:
    constraints imposed by surgery
    postoperative therapies

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Life threatening deep-vein thrombosis ans pulmonary embolism. no only surgery injure blood vessels, but anesthesia and inactivity also cause venous stasis.
  2. assess neurologic functions, muscle strength, and response
    monitor drains, tubes, and color and amount of output.
    check for pressure, type, and color and condition of dressings
    evaluate pain response; may need to give analgesic and monitor patient response
    observe for allergic reactions
    assess urinary output if Foley catherer is in place
  3. decreased stroke volume, cardiac output, weak skeletal muscles, bone fractures and changes in shape
  4. this device includes an air pressure pump and cuffs, one for each calf or foot. continuous inflation and deflation of the cuffs decreases pooling of venous blood in the legs and improves venous return to the heart.sequential compression devices (SCD) 40mm Hg (inflate 12 sec and deflation about 48 sec) 72hour tx
    it cannot be disconnected for more than 30 mins.when ambulating the patient although the machine is off the cuffs are kept in place
    THIS SYSTEM IS CONTRAINDICATED FOR ANY PATIENT WITH ACUTE THROMBOPHLEBITIS OR DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS.
  5. General
    Regional
    Local

5 True/False questions

  1. nursing intervention for dehiscence or eviscerationmonitor electrolyte values
    monitor intake and output
    maintain IV therapy
    assess IV for patency ans rate, erythema, edema, heat and pain
    when oral fluids are ordered, encourage small amounts frequently, encourage 2,000 to 2,400 ml per 24 hours, avoid iced and carbonated beverages
    use antiemetics as ordered if needed

          

  2. SOUTHEAST ASIANS AND NATIVE AMERICANSmay avoid eye contact and consider it distrespectful, consider limiting eye contact when dealing with such patients.

          

  3. paindiabetes mellitus, a condition that not only requires strict control of blood glucose levels but also known to delay wound healing

          

  4. nursing interventions (fluids and electrolytes)monitor electrolyte values
    monitor intake and output
    maintain IV therapy
    assess IV for patency ans rate, erythema, edema, heat and pain
    when oral fluids are ordered, encourage small amounts frequently, encourage 2,000 to 2,400 ml per 24 hours, avoid iced and carbonated beverages
    use antiemetics as ordered if needed

          

  5. To help prevent respiratory complications POSTOPERATIVELY, the nurse should:paralitic ileus
    a decrease or absence of peristalsis this may occur after abdominal surgery
    management