The UK and the EU since 1992
Terms in this set (30)
The European Union
An economic and political union created in 1957. It was first named the European Economic Community. It turned into the E.U in 1992 with the Treaty of Maastricht. There are 28 members
The European Economic Community
The E.E.C was created in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome. There were 6 members: France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, Luxembourg and the Federal Republic of Germany. It was a common market
a common market
it's a free trade area and a customs union, with common policies (such as the Common Agricultural Policy in 1962).
the European Coal and Steel Community
The E.C.S.C was created in 1951 by 6 countries. It was a common market only on 2 products: coal and steel. It was replaced in 1957 by the E.E.C
to be candidate or a candidacy
The UK was candidate to join the E.E.C in 1961 and 1963 but it finally became a member in 1973
United States of Europe
Churchill's idea to create a European union in 1946 but without the U.K
the power of a country to rule and make its own decisions, to be totally independent .
a federal union or supranational Europe
a union with countries accepting to lose some part of their national sovereignty and to share power and take mutual decisions. The opposite is a Europe of nations
European Free Trade Association
a European free trade association created by the U.K in 1960 with 6 other countries.
The theory of 3 circles
Churchill's idea that Britain is at the core of 3 influence spheres: the Commonwealth; the USA and Europe
It's what Margaret Thatcher obtained in 1984 from the E.E.C after harsh negociations. She wanted her money back.
to deepen the European construction
To reinforce the cooperation between Member States and to develop a political union. It was the aim of the Maastricht Treaty signed in 1992
When one or several countries join the E.U. It raises several issues, including the question of the criteria to become a member of the E.U
a two-speed Europe
a European union where some countries choose not to accept everything from the E.U. Like the U.K with the euro currency
Euroscepticism or a eurosceptic person
When you have some issues to trust the E.U, when you doubt about its efficiency. The opposite is europhile
A europhile is someone who believes in the E.U and its future
Conservative Party; Labour Party; Liberal Democrats; UKIP
These are the main political parties in Britain which play a role in the relationships between Britain and the E.U
The UK joined the EEC
Member of Parliament (MP)
a founding country
un membre fondateur
droit de douane
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