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S5 Anglais juridique
Terms in this set (27)
What are laws for ?
Thomas Hobbes, « The leviathan » : « Laws are there because in the state of nature (...) it's the strongest who survives » - the most basic humain necessity is to be safe
Name of the movment started by students victims of Florida mass shooting
March for our lives movement
2 main levels of law in the US
Federal level and state level
Number of original colonies
Meaning of « no taxation without representation »
US colonizes wanted to pay taxes with the condition of being able to vote for the people that made them
What is the Boston tea party about?
Political revolte in Boston against britanic parliament
Dates of the americain war of independance
1775 - 1783
Date of Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
First constitutional document of the US : main elements
Articles of Confederation : creation of a proto government to win the war
Why the Constitution was abandonned and what came to replace it
Articles of Confederation were too weak to create a government : replaced by the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention
Aim of the 2nd Constitution
To create a national government
Questions dealt with at the Philadelphia constitutional convention
What kind of national government should be chosen for 13 self-governing autonomous independent states?
3 goverment options and reason to chose one
The options : confederation, unitary system and federal system.
The choice : federal system - people on top, state and national government equal, divided power
What a federation is
The union of states with power equally distributed between the national government and the states in a vertical and horizontal manner
Definition of Constitution
A document or set of document where are the basis principles and laws of a nation, state or social group that determines the powers and duties of the government and guarantees certain rights to people in it
Definition of a statute
A written law enacted by the legislative branch of government
What the supremacy clause is about
The fact that the federal Constitution is at the highest level of the law's hierarchy
Hierarchy of constiuttion and statutes
Federal constitution - Federal statute - State constitution - State statute
Article of the US constiution that allows for the constitution to be amended
5th amendment of the Constitution
What is the elastic clause?
It allows Congress to pass necessay laws
What are the enumerated powers of Congress?
Powers specifically given to Congress, they are actually written in the Constitution. (declare war)
What does the 10th amendment contain?
Whatever is not expressly reserved to the federal government belongs to the state governments
What amendement of the US constitution deals with guns rights?
The 2nd amendment
What is the purpose of gun bearing according to the US constitution
The purpose is defense
What aspects of gun regulation are not mentioned by the US constitution ?
The frame and the right to have and use guns depending on the age and context
The reason of the National Firearms act 1934 and what the act set in place
The prohibition had as a consequence an increase in gun violence that led to compulsory registration of firearms (expect revolvers and pistols) and prohibitive taxes and manufacturing certains arms
What happened in Newtown CT in December 2021
Sandy Hooks mass shooting
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