When compared to other criminals, fraud perpetrators were less likely to be caught, turned in, arrested, convicted, and incarcerated. They were also less likely to serve long sentences and were considerably older.
Fraud perpetrators were better educated, more religious, less likely to have criminal records, less likely to have abused alcohol, and considerably less likely to have used drugs. They were also in better psychological health, they enjoyed more optimism, self-esteem, self-sufficiency, achievement, motivation, and family harmony than other property offenders. Fraud perpetrators also seemed to express more social conformity, self-control, kindness, and empathy than other property offenders.