33 terms

Resource Management

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Intensive farming aimed at maximising the amount of food produced
Agribusiness
Measurement of the greenhouse gases individuals produce through the burning of fossil fuels
Carbon Footprint
The progress of a country in terms of economic growth, the use of technology and human welfare
Development
Reducing energy consumption by using less energy and existing sources more efficiently
Energy Conservation
The range of energy sources a region or country, both renewable and non-renewable
Energy Mix
Uninterrupted availability of energy sources at an affordable price
Energy Security
The distance covered supplying food to consumers
Food Miles
A natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms
Fossil Fuels
The process of extracting natural gas from shale rocks
Fracking
Recycled domestic waste water
Grey Water
Goods and services bought by residents of a country from another country.
Imports
Food produced without the use of chemicals such as fertilisers and pesticides
Organic Produce
A resource that cannot be exhausted e.g. wind, solar and tidal energy
Renewable Energy
A stock or supply of something that has value or purpose
Resources
Control and monitoring of resources so that they don't become exhausted
Resource Management
A food intake below that needed to sustain healthy life
Undernourishment
When people don't eat enough nutrients to cover their needs for energy, growth or a healthy immune system
Undernutrition
When the demand for water is greater than supply
Water Deficit
The measure of the chemical, physical and biological content of water
Water Quality
When the demand for water exceeds supply or when poor water quality restricts its use
Water Stress
When the supply of water is greater than the demand
Water Surplus
Matching supply with demand by moving water from one place to another.
Water Transfer
A large body of water or lake used to store water
Reservoir
Pumping water out from the ground faster than it can be replaced
Over-Abstraction
Diseases such as cholera and typhoid
Waterborne Diseases
The basic equipment such as water pipelines that are needed for a country to function properly
Infrastructure
A Lower Income Country
LIC
A Higher Income Country
HIC
A war or disagreement between two countries over the use of a water source
Water Conflict
A structure that controls the flow of water on a river and can be used to create a reservoir
Dam
Natural underground storage of water within permeable rocks
Aquifer
The name of the largest reservoir in the UK
Kielder Water
The process of removing salt from seawater to produce fresh water
Desalination