Upgrade to remove ads
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Approaches - Psychodynamic Evaluation
Terms in this set (5)
Strength: Gathering evidence
Provided a shift in psychological thinking. Suggested how new methodological procedures (case studies) for gathering empirical evidence and the development of the approach was based on observations of behaviour rather than relying on introspection. From this, Freud was the first to demonstrate the potential for psychological, instead of biological treatments for such disorders as depression and anxiety; this approach has led to successful treatments, de Maat et al 2009 conducted a large scale review of psychotherapy and concluded that psychoanalysis produced improvements in symptoms that were maintained in post-treatment years.
Strength: Author introspection
It is a comprehensive nature as it can be used to explain other aspects of human behaviour outside of psychology. For example, psychoanalysis has been used as a form of literary criticism. In "Hamlet" there are repressed hidden messages; using psychoanalytic concepts we can delve into the mind of the author e.g. many aspects of Hamlet's psych are a projection of Shakespeare's mind.
Criticism: Gender bias
Gender-biased approach. Freud's views of women and female sexuality were less developed than his views on male sexuality. Freud continued to be ignorant of female sexuality and how it may differ from male sexuality, irrespective of the fact his theories revolved around sexual development. Karen Horney derided Freud and his views on women, proclaiming dismissing women and their sexuality is problematic as he treated females and also due to how influential his studies have become and how they are today.
Criticism: Culture bias
Culture-based approach with little pertinence for those from non-Western cultures. Psychoanalysts believe freeing the traumatic memories, 'locked in' the unconscious, that contribute towards mental disorders gives the individual the chance to deal with them in the supportive therapeutic environment. However, in China a person who is depressed or anxious avoids thoughts causing distress rather than being willing to discuss them openly, contrasting with the Western belief open discussion and insight are always helpful in therapy.
Conflicting evaluations of falsification
There is scientific support for the approach because it is falsifiable, as Fisher and Greenberg found support for the existence of unconscious motivation in human behavior as well as the main three defence mechanisms. However, falsification is not fully met, as it is not open to empirical testing nor the possibility of being disproved; furthermore, many of Freud's concepts are supposed to occur at the unconscious level, which cannot be measured and are difficult to test.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Approaches - The Psycho…
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Approaches - Psychodyna…
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Approaches -…
AQA Psychology (A-Level) - Approaches - The Biolog…
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
The Psychodynamic Approach
AQA A Level Psychology Approaches
aqa a level psychology APPROACHES
Chapter 1: What is Psychology?
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AQA A-Level Geography - Global Systems & Governanc…
AQA A-Level Geography - Global systems and governa…
AQA A-Level Geography - Population & Environment -…
AQA A-Level Psychology - Cognition & Development -…