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Changing Places Statistics and Key Words
Terms in this set (60)
Population Density of Lympstone
Lympstone; Percentage of Population aged 65+
Lympstone; Percentage of Population aged 16-64
Lympstone; Percentage of Population aged 0-15
Lympstone; Ethnicity Percentage White
Lympstone; Ethnicity Percentage Other
Lympstone; % of population that has access to a car
Lympstone; Population with good health
Lympstone; Over 16+ Population with Formal Qualifications
What fraction of Lympstone's population work in the Tertiary Sector?
What is the population density of Toxteth
Toxteth; Ethnicity Percentage White
Toxteth; Ethnicity Percentage Asian
Toxteth Ethnicity Percentage African American
Toxteth; Percentage of Population over 65+
Toxteth; Percentage of Population 16-64
Toxteth; Percentage of Population under 15
Toxteth; Percentage of population with access to a car
Toxteth; Percentage of Population with good health
Toxteth; Percentage of Population over 16+ with formal qualifications
What kind of settlement is Lympstone?
a Dormitory Settlement
What is the cultural significance of Lympstone?
Christian Town, (no religious buildings though) Fishing community
What is the cultural significance of Toxteth?
Jewish, Muslim, Christian (african american), Many religious buildings, Muslim Festivals etc. Lots of migration due to employment in secondary industry.
What is the leading political party of Toxteth?
Percentage of Toxteth's population that voted in 2016
What is the leading political party in Lympstone
What are the 6 factors of perception?
Age, Gender, Sexuality, Religion, Emotional Attachment, Role in Society
The changing values of services and areas with the needs of a person at different ages
Stereotypes may cause certain areas to exclude one from such areas or make them uncomfortable.
Different areas are more or less accepting of others causing communities to concentrate in areas changing how people percieve that place based on their personal feelings
Peoples personal values and beliefs will alter how they perceive certain areas. Large public buildings may be considered more or less safe based on the relative importance within the community and the population.
Role in Society
Based on where a person is they will behave differently which will influence how they percieve a place.
Either personal memories/ experiences or beliefs in a group for a place may bring with it perception of a place as positive or negative ideas altering ones behaviour towards a place.
What is Globalisation?
The increasing interconnections between different places culturally economically and socially.
What is the idea of the global village?
The idea that the world is becoming relatively smaller due to globalisation
What is the Time-Space Compression?
Space being no longer a barrier for transporting goods ideas and people allowing such things to occur faster.
What is Social Inequality?
The idea that there is a variation in life expectancy, unemployment and poverty between different places
What are the four indices of Social Inequality?
Housing, Education, Healthcare, Employment
Two Case Studies on contrasting Social Inequality...
Jembatan Besi, Jakarta, Indonesia and Northwood California USA.
Social Inequality Case Study; Settlement Type
Slum/ Shanty Town (Indonesia) Edge City (USA)
Social Inequality Case Study; Population Size
4000 in Slum Vs 21000 in Edge City
Social Inequality Case Study; Air Quality
Poor due to high emissions and Kerosene usage Vs Good because the City is situated on the rural fringe away from main roads.
Social Inequality Case Study; Health Care
Cholera + Typhoid are common due to contaminated water. Few Hospitals (8) Locally in Jakarta and no social health care system to pay for treatment. Vs Health Care that is good for even an AC. 20 Treatment Centres within 10 miles of Northwood
Social Inequality Case Study; Average Salary
$4 a day ($1460) a year VS $86,500 a year
Social Inequality Case Study; Education
Schools are poorly equipped, Students drop out early to support families. Vs 12 of Americas best schools locally
Social Inequality Case Study; Qualifications
Formal/Informal work is unskilled labour Vs 68.5% of over 25's have a first degree.
Social Inequality Case Study; Employment Access
Mostly Primary/Secondary and unstable Vs Mostly Tertiary/Quaternary and access to employment is good.
Social Inequality Case Study; Population Density
Up to 20 People Per Household (Overcrowded) Vs 2.8 People per household.
Social Inequality Case Study; Housing Supply
Only 200 houses need for more housing. Vs Supply Greatly Exceeds demand however cost of living in area is poor.
What is meant by the term spatial inequality
uneven distribution across a geographical space of any scale in factors such as income, health, education and housing
What is meant by the term "Standard of living"
the level of material wealth and level of comfort people have, generally speaking in a geographical area and usually a certain socioeconomic status
What is meant by the term "quality of life"
Generally how happy a person is, usually defined by access to basic needs and resources as well as human rights
What is meant by the term global shift?
Movement of primary and secondary industry to edcs and LIDCs
Why do people experience varying social opportunities and inequalities?
Due to economic activity not being evenly spread.
6 Macroeconomic indicators that recession is occuring in a place?
The following will fall;
- Household Income
- Investment Spending
The following will rise;
What is the role of the government in reducing social inequalities
Decision making on allocation of resources geographically
What are the 5 ways Government can attempt to reduce spatial inequality?
- Education; More skills = More Jobs available, Promoting better health = less stress on healthcare system
- Taxation; allows government to attempt to redistribute wealth
- Subsidies; provide help for the poorest groups of people with required services and goods.
- Law; reduce discrimination and provide equal job opportunities for all groups of people. Also provide minimum wage to prevent absolute poverty.
- Planning; gentrification of deprived areas to draw in investment and change a places perception.
Movement of industry or people away from the CBD
Movement of employment/people and industry to smaller towns or cities.
Improvement of housing to make it more attractive (to the middle class particularly)
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