Migration into Europe
Terms in this set (12)
What are the different types of migrant?
2)voluntary and involuntary
3)Asylum seekers and refugees
Migration from former colonies 1. Former british empire
-After WW2 the british government invited people from the former colonies to migrate to the UK where there was a shortage of labour and lots of work available to help rebuild the damaged economy.
-more than 60,000 indians had migrated to the UK by the 50's. A shortage of UK doctors meant the NHS recruited many doctors from india, pakistan and bangledesh.
Migration into other EU countries 1. West germany
West germany made up for its shortage of labour in the 60's by inviting workers from turkey. Today more then 1.7 millions Turks live in germany.
Migration into other EU countries 2. Sweden
Sweden accepted 40,000 asylum seekers after they were forced to leave iraq due to war in 2003
Migration into other EU countries 3. Illegal immigrants
Huge numbers of illegal immigrants enter europe each year EG) Many africans try to cross the straight of gibraltar ( narrow gap between morocco and spain). in 2001 45,000 were caught and refused entry to spain.
Links between Europe and the wider world can explain migration patterns. How ?
1) Former colonies have political links eg- systems of government, also economic links eg-flows of trade and cultural links eg- shared religion with the country that used to rule them. People like to migrate to countries they have some familiarity with.
2)Countries are linked by ties between families and friends. Many economic migrants leave them behind and are later joined by them.
3) Countries are linked by a shared language. EG) countries whos first language is english such as Australia often come to work and study in england.
changes population structure
-source countries have a reduced proportion of working and reproductive age and host countries will see an increase. This can cause an increase BR for the host country and decreased BR in source.
EG) 25% of children born in UK in 2006 has one parent that had migrated from elsewhere.
Many migrant workers send money back to their home country (source). This increases the GDP of the source country as the host country loses out as migrants earn money in the host and its spent elsewhere.
Illegal immigrants dont have access to legal employment meaning they may carry out dangerous jobs for little pay. EG)2004 20 chinese immigrants drowned when picking cockles in morecambe bay UK.
-Migrants often bring their own culture to the host country. this has created issues with racial tension.
-However this can be a positives as areas can become multicultural helping others learn and come together as one.
Large number of immigrants can lead to political changes. EG) UK government is changing its policy to a points based system. Points are awarded based on the immigrants age, skills and experience. They will get more points depending on how well their traits match the UKs needs.
Increased migration means that there is a lot more air travel to get back and forth to host and source countries. This means an increase in co2 emissions which contribute to global warming.