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Terms in this set (30)
What movement in Europe during the 18th Century promoted the idea that people could think for themselves and the nobility and the Church should not control everyday life?
What theory developed by scientists in the early 18th century described microbes visible with microscopes were the result of decay?
When did Pasteur publish the results of his experiments on Germ Theory?
Dr Henry Bastian
Which powerful British doctor's belief in Spontaneous Generation meant Pasteur's Germ Theory took time to be believed in Britain?
Which German scientist used Pasteur's work and successfully identified that different germs caused different diseases?
What was the first bacteria that Koch lined to a disease in 1882?
Which British doctor read Pasteur's germ theory and based his own ideas about antiseptic surgery on it?
Staining with Dye
What process did Koch develop which allowed scientists to see microbes more easily?
Microbes responsible for causing diseases
What did Koch inspire other scientists, including Pasteur, to look for?
Who was born into a wealthy family in 1820, trained to be a nurse and then ended up being sent by the Government to the Crimean War to improve the British hospitals?
As a result of Nightingales work the mortality rate of British hospitals in the Crimea dropped from 40% to what?
What did Florence Nightingale establish in 1860 at St Thomas' Hospital, London?
Drunk, flirtatious and uncaring
Before the work of Florence Nightingale nursing was not seen as a profession for skilled women - previously nurses had often been seen as what?
Who discovered the properties of Chloroform in 1847?
Pain, Infection and Blood loss
What were 3 big problems facing surgeons in the early 19th Century?
A surgeon's skill in the early 19th Century was most likely to be judged on what?
Caused coughing and vomiting
An early anesthetic was Ether. What were the main issues with its use?
Infected toe nail removal
Hannah Greener was a 14 year old girl who died in 1848 from an overdose of Chloroform - what operation was she having?
Which famous person used Chloroform during childbirth in 1853, spoke positively about it and helped to end some of the opposition to it?
Sewage treatment works
Where did Joseph Lister discover Carbolic Acid prompting his experiments to see if it could reduce infection in surgery in 1865?
Pain was part of God's plan
Why did religious groups oppose the use of anesthetics?
Cracked skin made hands sore and left an odd smell
What were the downsides of Carbolic Acid that meant Lister's ideas did not catch on quickly?
Who in 1798 wrote, 'An Enquiry into the causes and effects of the Variola Vaccinae' ?
Which group opposed Jenner's vaccination as their business was going to be destroyed by it?
Which group opposed Jenner's vaccination as they felt using an animal infection (Cowpox) in humans was against God's will?
Which powerful group favored Jenner's vaccination as it was a cheaper, safer and more reliable alternative to inoculation?
Pasteur and Koch
Which two scientists were inspired to look for more vaccinations as a result of Jenner's work on the smallpox vaccination?
What was the long term impact of Jenner's vaccination against smallpox?
Who published his, 'Report on the Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Classes' in 1842, which detailed the terrible living conditions many people in England lived in?
What fatal disease had symptoms of diarrhoea and sickness so bad that the victim became dehydrated?
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