17 terms

GCSE Film Studies camera terms

Cinematography key terms
STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

Shot
A single, uninterrupted piece of film
Long shot
Shot taken from a distance. Often helps establish the setting. Helps locate the viewer within the scene.
Establishing shot
Sets the scene or emphasizes setting. This is typically a long shot or wide shot.
Close up
Image being shot takes up at least 80% of the screen. Narrows the focus to most important element.
Medium shot
Typically covers one person or several people from the torso up. Helps to show relationship between characters.
Low angle
Shooting subject from below. Makes subject look important and powerful.
High angle
Camera is elevated above action/subject. Suggests inferiority of subject.
Eye level
Fairly neutral angle where camera is level with subjects. Makes viewer feel part of scene.
Dutch angle
Tilted sideways on a horizontal line. Adds tension to static frame. Sinister/distorted view of character. Sometimes known as a canted angle.
Dolly shot
Camera is mounted on a mobile platform and moves alongside a moving subject (i.e., a moving train or car) or moves into or out of a scene.
Pan
Camera moves horizontally from a fixed base. Can reveal elements of a scene or movement of an subject within a scene.
Tilt
Camera moves up and down vertically from a fixed base. Used to emphasize setting.
Zoom
Lens moves, but not camera. Object appears bigger or smaller depending on focal length.
Extreme close-up
A shot that magnifies beyond what the eye would experience in reality. Generally used for dramatic effect to see "inside" subject/action.
Depth of Field
The measurement of the area in front of and behind the subject that is in focus
Tracking Shot
When a camera follows one subject. Can be done using a variety of methods (steadicam, handheld, crane, jimmy jib, etc).
Canted shot
When the camera is tilted slightly to the side, as if you were looking at an object with your head tilted. The technique often alerts the audience that something is "not quite right"

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