Criminality by a state or government to achieve domestic or foreign aims. Four main categories:
- political criminality (e.g. corruption, intimidation, censorship);
- security and policing criminality (e.g. war-making, genocide, torture, terrorism);
- economic criminality (e.g. monopolization, health and safety violations, collaboration with multi-national corporations);
- cultural and societal criminality (e.g. immiseration of part of the populace, institutional racism, cultural vandalism).