Chile Earthquake (case study for tectonic hazards)
Terms in this set (7)
On 27th February 2010, an earthquake measuring 8.8 on the Richter Scale hit Chile.
Where was the focus?
The focus was 34km underground, and the epicentre was 115km from Conception
-About 500 people killed and 12,000 injured
-At least 500,000 homes were damaged
-Several bridges and roads were destroyed
-Santiago's airport was slightly damaged
-Much of Chile lost power, water supplies and communications
-Caused a tsunami which effected other countries
-Chile's copper mines suffered little damage
-President insisted on a rapid analysis and were asking for specific help from countries
-Route 5 north-south highway was temporarily repaired to help transport aid
-90% of homes had power and water restored after 10 days
-A national telethon raised $60 million
Long Term Responses
-Chile's government launched a housing reconstruction plan to help about 196,000
-Chile's strong economy helped it to recover
Preperation and Protection
-Had prepared after suffering a 9.5 earthquake in 1960
-In 2002, the government introduced a plan that set out the responsibilities to the local government.
-Government had organised anti-disaster drills
-All Chileans know that if an earthquake strikes, they must 'Drop, cover hold'