English 11 Vocab Words Oct 4

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Terms in this set (...)

Simile
Comparing two, unlike things, using the words like or as. 'His feet were as big as boats.'
METAPHOR
Comparing two unlike things directly, without the use of like or as.
PERSONIFICATION
Assigning human qualities to non-human things.
ALLITERATION
Successive words (more strictly, stressed syllables) begin with the same consonant sound or letter.
FRICATIVE ALLITERATION
A fricative sound is one that is forced through a narrow opening of the lips. Examples include sounds made by the letters "c," "f," "s," "v," "z".
SIBILANCE
Characterized by, or producing a hissing sound like that of (s) or (sh).
ALLUSION
A reference to a previous work or historical event as a comparison.
IMAGERY
Imagery is when the description evokes a striking or detailed picture in the reader's mind. Often devices, such as metaphors, similes, and personification create imagery.
OXYMORON
Contradictory terms are combined. 'A deafening silence' or 'mournful optimist'.
ONOMATOPOEIA
Words that imitate sounds.
HYPERBOLE
An expression of exaggeration.
LITOTES
An understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite, as in 'this is no small problem.'
PATHETIC FALLACY
The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example, angry clouds; a cruel wind.
MOOD
The overall feeling the poem creates. Mood can be playful, sad, lonely, angry or joyful.
TONE
The tone of a piece of literature is the speaker's or narrator's attitude towards the subject.
PUN
Words with a humorous double meaning, a "play on words."
IRONY
Indicating (through character or plot development) an intention or attitude opposite to that which is actually stated.
SYNAESTHESIA
Description of one kind of sense impression by using words that normally describe another. 'It tastes like purple.'
MEIOSIS
An understatement. Litotes is a form of Meiosis. "It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain." The Catcher in the Rye.
METONYMY
When a word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. 'The crown fell and the kingdom fell into despair' Here the 'crown' represents the king or queen.
EXTENDED METAPHOR
A metaphor which is drawn out beyond the usual word or phrase to extend throughout a stanza or an entire poem, usually by using multiple comparisons between the unlike objects or ideas.
CONNOTATION
The set of associations implied by a word in addition to its literal meaning.
EMOTIVE LANGUAGE
Language (in particular adjectives or adverbs) that relate to or refer to emotions.
SYMBOLISM
Using an object to represent an idea. A symbol means what it is and also something more. A lion is often used to symbolise royalty.
PLOSIVE ALLITERATION
A "plosive" sound is made by stopping the air altogether for an instant on pronunciation. Examples of this include sounds made by the letters "b," "d," "k," "p," and "t."