Terms in this set (38)
A composition for soloist, or a group of soloists, accompanied by orchestra.
This word means 'all musicians should play at the same time'.
The section in a concerto when a soloist plays unaccompanied and really shows off their technical skill.
The name given to each section of a concerto. There tends to be three of them in each concerto; slow - fast - slow.
A Baroque period concerto where a small orchestra accompanies a group of soloists.
The name given to the group of soloists in a concerto grosso.
The name given to the section of the orchestra that accompanies the soloists in a concerto grosso.
The name given to the chord and bass line part played by the harpsichord and cello in a Baroque concerto. It fills out the texture.
Baroque composer used these in their melodies frequently. Types include trills, turns, mordents, appoggiaturas and acciaccaturas. They make a melody sound decorated and fancy.
1600 - 1750
The dates of the Baroque period in music.
A main feature of Baroque music, this is the name given to when the volume of the music suddenly changes from soft to loud or vice versa.
A famous Baroque composer.
Chamber or small room
The venue where a Baroque concerto would likely be played.
Harpsichord, cello, violins, violas, recorder, oboe, bassoon, lute.
Typical instruments heard in a Baroque concerto.
A famous Baroque solo concerto composer.
Baroque solo concerto
A concerto from 1600 - 1750 featuring only one soloist.
1750 - 1820
The dates of the Classical period in music.
Piano, clarinet, metal flutes, valved trumpets.
Instruments first introduced to the orchestra in the Classical period.
A famous Classical concerto composer.
A small concert hall.
The venue where you would likely hear a Classical period concerto being performed. This is due to the slightly larger orchestra than the Baroque period.
A technique used in Classical and Romantic eras whereby the music changes key at the start of a new movement.
Diminuendos and crescendos
Smoothly changing dynamics. A main feature of Classical and Romantic concertos.
1820 - 1910
The dates of the Romantic period in music.
A famous Romantic concerto composer.
A large concert hall.
The venue where you would likely hear a Romantic period concerto being performed. This is due to the large size of the orchestra.
The name given to a musician who is able to play very technically demanding solos really well.
The speed of music.
The Italian word for the end section of a piece of music.
The form of the concerto in the Classical period. A B A C A D A etc.
A piece of music which uses chords that are naturally contained in the key in which it is written.
A piece of music which used chords that are NOT naturally contained in the key in which it is written.
The term given to notes/chords that clash with each other. A main feature of Romantic era concertos.
Classical era melodies
Light, simple, elegant, balanced phrases.
Baroque era melodies
Heavily decorated with ornaments
Romantic era melodies
Longer, freer, dramatic and emotional
A type of texture where different melodic parts play at the same time and interweave. Popular with Baroque composers.
A type of texture where the music moves along in chords. Popular with Classical era composers.
Melody and accompaniment
A type of texture consisting of a lead line with chordal backing.