The Functionalist Perspective on Education

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Terms in this set (...)

Social Solidarity
Where people feel like they belong to society
Social Solidarity
Achieved through the National Curriculum - pupils are taught the same subjects
Role Allocation
sorting people into appropriate jobs based on their talents
Supports Functionalism
New Vocationalism
Universalistic Standards
Where children are judged by the same criteria - such as exams
Particularistic Standards
Where children are judged according to different standards by their parents ('everyone is special')
Meritocracy
Where an individual's achievement is based on their ability and effort.
Equality of opportunity
In education - where all pupils have the same chances to achieve good grades based on their merit
Organic solidarity
A feeling of togetherness based on individual differences but interdependence
Marxist criticism of Functionalism
Myth of meritocracy
Postmodern criticism of Functionalism
Schools are like factories, no longer work in a diverse society
Supports Functionalism
More developed societies spend more money on education