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Anglo-Saxon and Norman Epic Key Quizlet
Terms in this set (78)
The first name of the Earl of Northumbria who was rebelled against in 1065
What Edward and Harold Godwinson wanted to avoid by siding with the rebels in 1065
The fancy name for the situation after Edward died in 1066 and after William died in 1087
First battle of 1066 'The Battle of __________'
Second Battle of 1066 'The Battle of ____________ ________'
Who did Tostig convince to invade?
What did William of Normandy order to be made in 1085? The ____________ survey
Who succeeded William of Normandy as King of England?
King, Earls, Thegns, Ceorls, Peasant Farmers, Slaves.
The social structure of Anglo-Saxon England (use commas and a full stop at the end) There are six categories. Start at the top.
Name of meeting of most important people in early medieval England. The ________
Compensation punishment introduced to try to stop blood feuds
A group of 10 people over the age of 12 who were responsible for the behaviour of each other
The instructions sent to a sheriff under both Anglo-Saxons and Normans
The (shortened) name of the role of the people who carried out the king's instructions on laws and taxes in the shires
Who relied more on sheriffs as a result of them being an absentee monarch, Edward or William?
Type of economy found in towns. ____________ economy
Type of economy found across the majority of medieval England. ____________ economy
What percentage of land (include percentage sign in answer) did the church own in both Anglo-Saxon and Norman England?
Which archbishopric became more powerful under Lanfranc and the Normans?
What is Harold Godwinson's visit to Normandy known as by the exam board? Harold Godwinson's ____________ to Normandy
What did William do to Harold to show he was superior? He _____________ Harold
What did Harold Godwinson swear and oath to William over?
Harold might have been ordered to Normandy by Edward to confirm William as heir or it might have been an accident due to a __________
Who took over as Earl of Northumbria from Tostig and was also supported by the people f Northumbria against Tostig?
Edgar the Aetheling
Who was the the closest living blood relative to Edward the Confessor when he died?
One reason why there was a crisis when Edward died was because he died without a strong _______ _______
Edward fell out with the Godwins in 1051/51 and may have promised William the throne then, this is what William claimed. If he did, then Edward probably did it to gain a _______ ______ in a time of need.
Who did Edward name as his heir when he was on his deathbed according to both Norman and Anglo-Saxon sources?
Edwin and Morcar
Who commanded the Saxon armies at the Battle of Fulford? You write '________ and ________'. The first name was also Earl of Mercia.
How many days after the Battle of Stamford Bridge did William land in the south of England? (Write the number out in English)
What did Harold do to his army to be able to take the Viking by surprise at Stamford Bridge? He marched them north particularly ____________
Who had a sheild wall at the top of Senlac hill during the Battle of Hastings? The...
How did William wear down the shield wall? Using the ______ ________ tactic.
Archers and Cavalry
What two things did William have at Hastings that Godwinson did not? You write '_______ and ______'
How many men did William have after Hastings to control a population of 2 million?
Harrying of the north
What did William do to stop the north from continuing to rebel? The....
Did William mostly send others to deal with rebellion or mostly go there and deal with it himself? You write either 'others' or 'himself'
What did William usually do as he marched to deal with a rebellion and after rebellions were defeated? He...
What was the area of England near Wales that suffered from Welsh raids into England? The...
Which earldoms had special privileges such as not having to pay tax to William or not having to ask permission to build castles? The...
Hereward the Wake
Who rebelled on the Isle of Ely in 1070-71?
Paid them to go away
How did William get around the problem of the Vikings joining in with the last rebellion in the north AND the rebellion on the Ilse of Ely? He..
What gave William knowledge of how much everybody owned and thus how much he could tax them? The...
Revolt of the Earls
What rebellion in 1075 was the only rebellion to be led by people who weren't English? The...
What was the social structure of Norman England called? The...
What were the people known as that William gave land to use? The same people were some of the most powerful in Norman social structure.
What did knights agree to do for 40 days a year in return for the land given for them to use by the tenants-in-cheif?
Who was the new Norman Archbishop brought in in 1070?
Simony, Nepotism, Pluralism, Marriage of priests
What did the new Norman Archbishop outlaw? Write in this order and with commas (S, N, P, M of P)
Which part of the country benefitted from increased trade from Normandy after the conquest?
What role increased in importance due to William often being out of the country and needing to send instructions by writ?
Which son did William name as his heir for England?
Which son got Normandy?
At which battle did William lose to his son Robert?
When did some nobles try to overthrow William Rufus?
Who led the rebellion against William Rufus?
King, Tenants-in-chief, Knights, Villeins.
The social structure of Norman England (use commas and a full stop at the end) There are four categories. Start at the top.
He ordered his men to harry and build castles and the rebels surrendered without a fight.
William dealt with the rebellion of Edwin and Morcar in 1068 in a way that was typical of him. You write like this 'He ordered his men to _________ and _________ _________ and the rebels surrendered without a fight.'
Edgar the Aetheling
Who led the rebellions in the north?
Second Northern Rebellion
When was the only recorded time that the rebels actually successfully attacked a castle? The...
The Norman social structure was known as the...
Edwin and Morcar
William marched north, harrying and stopping to build castles on the way. A castle built at Warwick divided the rebels and forced them to surrender during the rebellion of...
Bishop Odo and Lanfranc
Who defeated the Revolt of the Earls on William's behalf? You write __________ ____ and ____________
There were 4 main earldoms called Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex and East Anglia. Earls were expected to crush rebellions, punish criminals and raise armies for the king.
Give two features of earldoms in Anglo-Saxon England. You write: 'There were 4 main earldoms called ______________, _________, _________ and ____ ________. Earls were expected to crush _________, punish ____________ and raise ________ for the king.'
What was the most important aspect of a town to most people? People often travelled from miles around to visit it. The...
Choose the next king
Apart from giving advice to the king, what was the MOST important job of the Witan? To....
Who owned it and how much it was worth
What two things did the Domesday Book say about each settlement in England?
How much he could tax the country
Many historians think that William I ordered the Domesday Survey because he wanted to know...
Had three ambitious sons
What does Mr Otway think might have been the main reason for a succession crisis after William I died? The opposite to one reason for the 1066 succession crisis. Because William...
Normanisation of England
William might have tried to create an Anglo-Norman kingdom (a mix of important people of both nationalities) from 1066-70. But after the many rebellions, what was the term for what he did to England after 1070 as he replaced important Englishmen with Normans? William's...
To keep out the raiding Welsh and to reward his most powerful and loyal supporters
What two reasons might there have been for William to create the Marcher Earldoms? You write: To keep out the raiding ________ and to ________ his most powerful and ________ _____________
What one word beginning with R, could you use to describe William's actions when dealing with rebellion in England?
Law and order in Northumbria
What did Tostig try to enforce that might have led to the rebellion against him in 1065?
Edward might have suggested at different times that he wanted William, Godwinson and Edgar the Aetheling as his heir. What word could describe Edward if he did this?
Luck, William's excellent generalship, Harold's mistakes and the composition of the armies
What four possible factors could have caused William's victory at Hastings? You write: ______, William's excellent _______________, Harold's _________ and the _____________ of the armies
During William I's reign, who tried to invade England several times but always gave up and went home after raiding and stealing? The...
He acted quickly to capture Rochester Castle with Bishop Odo in it. Also, his brother Robert never arrived from Normandy to lead the rebellion.
Why was William Rufus able to defeat the rebellion against him in 1088? You write: He acted quickly to capture __________ Castle with ________ ____ in it. Also, his brother ________ never arrived from Normandy to _______ the rebellion.
Underlined key words in the question and used them throughout your answer
What do examiners like to see in your response to a Q? That you have...
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