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Unit 1 Essential Terminology
Terms in this set (9)
the complete set of genes or genetic material present in an organism.
the branch of molecular biology concerned with the structure, function, evolution and mapping of genomes.
the scientific study of the relatedness of organisms to each other.
the science of collecting and analysing complex biological data such as genetic codes.
the process by which a double-stranded DNA molecule is copied to produce two identical DNA molecules.
Polymerase Chain Reaction
a laboratory technique used to make multiple copies of a segment of DNA.
DNA Gel Electrophoresis
a technique used to separate mixtures of DNA according to molecular size.
a short strand of DNA or RNA that serves as a starting point for DNA synthesis.
when a DNA molecule separates and each strand acts as a template for the formation of a new strand (one old, one new).
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