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Overview of Crime and Punishment
Terms in this set (30)
During the Saxon period local community used
hue and cry, tithings, local juries.
During the Medieval period trial
by God was used (until 1200)
During the Later Middle Ages violent crime
accounted for about 18% of all crimes
During the Saxon period most serious crimes
were against the Kings authority.
During the Saxon period only a few crimes
were punishable by death
By 1100 there was a move towards retribution and deterrence which
led to more executions and corporal punishments
By the Later Middle Ages the following methods were used to enforce the law
parish constables (keeping order) Manorial courts (less serious crimes) coroners, sheriffs and royal judges (major)
During the Early Modern period most crime
remained petty theft. Few violent crimes.
During the Early Modern period people who disagreed with the religious views of the monarch
were prosecuted, they were tried for heresy and treason and sometimes executed.
During the Early Modern period
witchcraft became a criminal offence.
During the Early Modern period some crimes and criminals became
well known due to publicity from pamphlets and broadsheet newspapers.
During the Early Modern period there was still no
police force. The Use of parish constables and the Hue and Cry continued.
In the early 1700s thief-takers
earned a living from the rewards they received for bringing criminals to justice.
During the Early Modern period the court system
was made more efficient and the speed at which cases were heard was improved
During the Early Modern period nearly everyone believed
that the best way of deterring criminals was to have savage, terrifying punishments that would frighten people away from crime.
There was a rise in crime from 1750-1850,
which is explained by the huge increase in the population
During the Industrial period the authorities were less concerned
about vagabondage, witchcraft and heresy.
During the Industrial period they became more worried about
crimes that disrupted trade such as highway robbery and smuggling.
During the Industrial period the growth of towns created
new opportunities for crime, which challenged existing policing methods
A huge change came in 1829
with the setting up the Metropolitan Police - the country's first professional police force.
The idea of reform - that criminals could become law abiding -
became more widespread in the Industrial period.
Duringt the Industrial Period there were some who believed in a
recognisable 'criminal type', who had certain physical characteristics and were somehow less evolved than other people.
Another big change in this Industrial period was the
increased use of prisons.
There was a big increase in crime from the 1950s to 1995. .
Since then, the overall crime rate has slowly declined
New technology in the Modern period has helped to create new types of crime
such as driving offences.
Finger printing was introduced in 1901
and more recently the use of DNA samples has helped the police to investigate crimes and track down criminals.
During the Modern period At a local community level Neighbourhood Watch
developed to encourage communities to work together to help deter crime and ant-social behaviour.
During the Modern period Fines
are the most widely used punishment, especially for driving offences.
Since the 1990s electronic tagging has been used
as a way of monitoring criminal's movements and as an alternative to prison.
The death penalty
was abolished in 1965.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Brown v Topeka, Little Rock, Civil Rights Groups
Civil Rights Movement
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