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Vietnam Epic Quizlet
Terms in this set (65)
Dien Bien Phu
Name of battle that convinced French to leave Vietnam 1954
The hit and run tactics used by Vietminh and Vietcong
The US theory that stated if one country fell to communism, then neighbouring countries would next.
Geneva Agreement 1954
The agreement made when French left Vietnam (write year after it). The...
Ngo Dinh Diem
Unpopular leader of south Vietnam until assassinated in 1963
Unique, shocking protest one monk made against Diem's government
How many south Vietnamese officials were assassinated on average, every year by communists?
Name used by Americans when referring to any opposition fighters
Policy encouraged by JFK which ended up creating more opposition as it was so unpopular
Which US president massively increased the scale of US involvement in Vietnam?
Gulf of Tonkin Incident 1964
Event which gave US excuse to get more involved in Vietnam (include year)
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
What congress passed to give Johnson power to use any means he thought necessary to defend south Vietnam
How many South Vietnamese civilians (that were working with the US/ARVN) is it estimated that the Vietcong killed between 1966-71?
What ran for hundreds of miles, largely hidden from the US, were booby trapped and provided shelter from bombing?
Operation Rolling Thunder
US bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
Chemical defoliant designed to destroy forests and therefore Vietcong cover. Caused birth defects if breathed by pregnant mothers.
Highly flammable chemical dropped from US planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War.
Increased support for Vietcong
Pretty much all US tactics led to what?
Search and Destroy
American war tactic that terrorised Vietnamese villagers and turned them against communism. Attempt to find Vietcong. Killed innocents.
Tet Offensive 1968
Military defeat of Vietcong, strategic victory. Include year. Turning point in war as reported on tv and shocked Americans.
President Nixon's policy of replacing American military forces with those of South Vietnam
Nixon tried to prevent NLF victory after US withdrawal by threatening North Vietnam with nuclear bomb. He thought it would work. This was the...
National Liberation Front
Political arm of the Vietcong, what the opposition to US called themselves (Vietcong was the US name for them, but not the official name)
Laos and Cambodia
Extensively bombed and also invaded under Nixon 1970-71 to try stop Ho Chi Minh trail (You write '_______ and ________________')
Ho Chi Minh Trail
A network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam, went into Laos and Cambodia to avoid US reach
Nixon's massive bombing campaign at end of war, supposed to put pressure on NLF at Paris Peace talks
Term used by President Nixon to describe Americans who supported the war. The...
My Lai Massacre
The killing of 200 Vietnamese old men, women and children by American soldiers, massively increased support for anti-war movement
Perhaps biggest influence of public opinion. The...
Before this year the media mostly supported the war, after it the media was mostly against it
Draft Resistance Movement
Formed to give advice on how young men could avoid draft. The...
By the end of 1969 there were this many draft dodgers wanted by US police
CIA aimed to arrest 3000 Vietcong suspects a month. Many were tortured. This increased opposition at home and in Vietnam
Kent State University 1970
Where The Shootings Took Place at an anti-war protest Which Killed Four Students And Injured Nine Others (include year)
A Gallup Poll of 1964 showed what percentage of Americans supported the war in Vietnam?
A Gallup Poll as late as 1970 showed what percentage of Americans supported the war in Vietnam?
Lots of people in building and construction unions supported Nixon's policies in the war and were nicknamed...
1970 and 70 were injured
When did Hard Hats attack anti-war protesters and how many were injured? You write '19__ and __ were injured'
They began in 1968 and ended in 1973
When did the peace negotiations begin and end? You write 'They began in 19__ and ended in 19__'
Equal distribution of wealth
The theory of communism is all about the...
Communism is popular with which type of people?
People in the 1950s in America were afraid of communists and thought communist spies had infiltrated US government. This led politicians to try prove they weren't communists by being 'tough' on communists. What was this event called? The...
communists would win
The US stopped the Vietnamese elections taking place 1956 because public opinion suggested that...
Army of the Republic of Vietnam
The ARVN was the south Vietnamese army, known in full as the...
The ARVN would have lost the war (and did eventually) without...
Speech given by president in 1947 which committed the US to stop communism from spreading was know as the...
The line drawn on a map, decided on at the 1954 Geneva Peace Talks which was to divide North and South Vietnam.
Public opinion in the US forced the US to withdraw
The Communists didn't make much effort to make agreements with the US at the peace talks because they thought they only had to wait until...
Paris Peace Agreement 1973
The final Peace Agreement was known as the (include year)...
By what time had the North violated the peace agreement and conquered the whole of Vietnam?
How much did the war cost the US in the year of 1968?
How many US soldiers died in Vietnam?
What percentage of US soldiers were estimated to have used heroin whilst in Vietnam?
How many US soldiers returned with one or more limbs missing?
50000 US soldiers died in the Vietnam war. How many Vietnam veterans have committed suicide since the end of the war? More or less than 50000?
Approximately how many North Vietnamese died in the war?
The Soviet Union and China
How gave military and financial support to the communists in Vietnam? (You write 'The _______ _______ and _______'
How long did a US conscript's tour of duty last in Vietnam?
Between 1970-71, how many cases of 'fragging' was there estimated to have been?
How many US soldiers deserted from the army in Vietnam between 1966-73?
Hearts and Minds of the Vietnamese People
What did the US forces have to win if they were to be able to leave Vietnam and for South Vietnam to remain capitalist? The...
Because the US drafted soldiers only served for a year, it meant that the US army was constantly full of what type of troops?
Peace with Honour
What did Nixon pledge to give the American people in terms of the war in Vietnam when he was running for election?
In November 1969, how many anti-war protesters marched on Washington?
Underlined key words in the question and used them throughout your answer
What do examiners like to see in your response to a Q? That you have...
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