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Brown v Topeka, Little Rock, Civil Rights Groups
Terms in this set (28)
Jim Crow Laws
Laws that enforced segregation in certain states of USA, mostly southern.
Separation between white people and black people
15th Amendment 1870
Said that all people had the right to vote, regardless of their race or the colour of their skin.
One way some southern states denied black people the vote without breaking 15th Amendment
Campaigned for Indian independence from Britain. His peaceful methods inspired civil rights leaders.
The central government of the USA, creates laws that apply to whole nation.
Creates laws that relate just within the state. This is why some states can have the death penalty whilst others don't.
Congress of Racial Equality - Peaceful sit-ins organised by this group ended segregation in some northern cities in 1940s. Later, involved in Freedom Rides of 1960s.
Group of intellectuals, lots of lawyers, who tried to use the law to make gains for black people.
'All legal means'
How NAACP aimed to gain equal rights over time.
W.E.B. Du Bois
Leader of NAACP, believed black people should work with white people to show then that black people deserve equality. Criticised by some for not doing enough.
Had to walk a long, dangerous route to black school in Kansas across railway tracks and her parents wanted her to be able to go to the closer white school.
Chief Justice Warren
Main US judge ruled that 'separate but equal' had no place in education but the segregated schools were blatantly not equal.
Group of key lawyers that check US laws against the US constitution and rule on big cases.
When Brown v Topeka case was judged
When Little Rock High School incident occurred
300,000 v 2.4million
Amount of black children in integrated schools by 1957 compared to amount still in segregated schools.
'just plain nuts'
What Eisenhower said using force to enforce the Brown v Topeka decision would be
Ku Klux Klan
Begin to grow in popularity once again after Brown v Topeka
More than 100 southern politicians (Senators and congressmen) signed it and it opposed racial integration in education.
Number of laws passed from 1954-56 in southern states as they tried to get around having to integrate schools.
Over-ruling their independence
Justification that southern states gave for opposing the federal governments decision to uphold the Brown v Topeka result.
Number of black students that enrolled at Little Rock High School
Size of mob that tried to stop the black students from attending at Little Rock High School
State Governor of Arkansas who ordered the Arkansas State National Guardsmen to block the 9 students from entering Little Rock. He later sent them away, leaving the 9 students with the mob. Police escorted them home.
How long President Eisenhower ordered army troops to protect the 9 black students.
Shut all schools in Arkansas for a year
How Faubus reacted to the fact that the President had interfered in the state
Key effects of Little Rock incident
Made civil rights national and international news. Forced president to get involved in civil rights. Black activists realised that just going through the courts isn't enough to get change.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Overview of Crime and Punishment
Civil Rights Movement
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