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Marxist - Theory of Education
Terms in this set (26)
Role of education
1. Socialisation through the hidden curriculum
2. Role Allocation
3. Skills Provision
Socialises them into a ruling class ideology to maintain the false class consciousness.
Legitimises the inequalities of a capitalist system
Education allocates roles based on their class and reproduces the inequalities of capitalist society through unfair role allocation
Provides skills for a docile and unquestioning workforce.
Characterises the infrastructure of capitalist society by training workers to be exploited and alienated
Which sociologist discussed how the ruling class maintained their dominant power?
Althusser - RSA, ISA
Althusser's believed in what 2 main functions?
Reproduces class inequality and justifies class inequality
Repressive State Apparatus (RSA)
Physical force or threat of it (police / army) to control proletariat
Ideological State Apparatus (ISA)
Controlling thoughts, beliefs and values by religion, media and education
Recognises the influence of the economy to education
Research shows working-class students are not encouraged to succeed at school
Identifies the myth of meritocracy
Underestimates some pupils resistance to teachers and schooling
Not supported by evidence
What sociologist developed the correspondence principle?
Bowles and Gintis
Close correspondence between social relationship in the classroom and those in the workplace.
The correspondence is essential for social reproduction and for workers to accept their role in society
Schools are based on hierachies
Workplace has hierarchy of authority
Schools have no control over their work and the curriculum
Workplace has lack of control over production leading to alienation
Schools motivated through extrinsic rewards such as results and qualifications
Workplace motivated by extrinsic rewards such as pay
Bowles and Gintis class inequality
Education reproduces inequality by justifying privilege and attributing poverty to personal failure
Myth of Meritocracy
Hardwork and talent will not reward you, your social class is what influences the rewards no matter how hardworking and talented
Importance of the myth of meritocracy
Important for the proletariat to believe it was meritocratic as it was then their fault for their failure and remain under false class consciousness, preventing a revolt
Bowles and Gintis Support
National curriculum restricts the freedom of teachers as education is designed to meet the needs of employers
Vocational courses show employers have more of a say in organisation and curriculum of schools
Bowles and Gintis Criticisms
Curriculum doesn't correspond to the economy as its producing low level employability skills
Free thinking humanities subjects show a lack of correspondence such as sociology
Pupils can have little respect for the rules and little regard for authority e.g. Willis (1977)
Reserve Army of Labour
People desperate to accept low wages which show workers that if they demand higher pay they can easily be replaced
Willis - Learning to Labour
Study of 12 working class boys through school and into work where he discovered their careless behaviour at school was carried into work where they would joke around and only take enough care to not get sacked
Only 12 boys studied
All of the same gender
All from the same school
Not representative of the working class
Identified 3 different types of capital, in particular cultural capital which helped understand how different social groups experience education differently
Values, knowledge, leisure interests, language and skills at home that advantage a person in the education system
How does cultural capital advantage the middle class?
The middle class possess more cultural capital which is valued by middle class institutions such as education meaning those who do not have it in other social groups are disadvantaged
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
New Right - Theory of Education
Functionalist - Theory of Education
Social Democratic - Theory of Education
Feminist - Theory of Education
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