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Advanced Higher Music
Terms in this set (84)
Short sacred choral piece sung in English. Sometimes sung by a choir unaccompanied and sometimes accompanied by organ, featuring solo parts.
A solo sung in an operatic style.
Song or simple melody, sometimes the title of a movement of a suite.
A type of madrigal in strophic form which was originally danced to. There is a fa-la-la refrain.
Music written between approximately 1600 - 1750.
A German hymn tune, written in four parts for soprano, alto, tenor and bass.
Chorus has different meanings. It can mean
1. A group of singers.
2. Music written for these singers
A work for solo instrument and orchestra.
A Renaissance court dance with 3 beats in the bar. It often follows a pavan.
A Renaissance, non-religious work, polyphonic in style, using imitation.
A large scale, sacred work sung in Latin for solo singers, chorus and orchestra. The five main sections are Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei.
A sacred choral work with Latin text and polyphonic texture, usually sung a cappella.
A drama set to music with soloists, chorus, orchestra and acting.
An oratorio is a large scale work without acting or stage design. It is usually based on a story from the Bible set to music for solo singers, chorus and orchestra. Oratorios often include recitatives, arias and choruses.
A Renaissance court dance with 2 beats in the bar. It is often followed by a galliard.
Unaccompanied melody set to the Latin words of the Roman Catholic liturgy. Modal with no regular metre.
A type of vocal writing where the music follows the rhythm of speech. A recitative is often followed by an aria.
Renaissance means 'rebirth' and marks a period in history where there was a resurgence of interest in music based on the ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
A work for solo piano, or solo instrument and piano, often in three or four movements.
An ornament which sounds like a crushed note played very quickly on the beat or just before it.
An ornament which sounds like a leaning note, takes half the value of the main note which follows it or two-thirds if the main note is dotted.
The notes of a chord are played separately.
Notes which move by the interval of a semitone.
A melody played against the main melody.
Chords V - VI at the end of a phrase. In a major key, chord VI is minor.
It sounds unfinished.
A note held, or repeated, in an upper part.
The music sounds in a major key, often described as having a happy feel to it.
Several notes sung to one syllable.
The music sounds in a minor key, often described as having a sadder feel than major.
Term used to describe music based on a mode. There are a number of different modal patterns which were later refined and developed into our modern major and minor scale structures. Like a scale, modes can be built on any note.
An ornament consisting of the main note, the note above, the main note.
A prominent solo instrument part in a piece of vocal music.
A held note or repeated notes in the bass beneath changing upper parts.
Chords IV to I at the end of a phrase.
It sounds finished.
An exact repeat of a musical idea.
A melodic phrase which is repeated at a higher or lower pitch.
Vocal music where each note is given one syllable.
Whether the piece is Major, Minor, Atonal?
Moving quickly and repeatedly between adjacent notes.
Four notes which turn round the main note with the note above, the main note, the note below, and the main note again.
Two players or singers sounding the same notes at the same time.
In a fugue, after the subject is played, the same tune appears in another voice or part in the dominant (a 5th higher or a 4th lower). This is called the answer.
Dialogue between voices or instruments - one group of voices or instruments answers the other.
In the Baroque period, the basso continuo consists of a single bass line (for example, a cello) with a keyboard part (for example, a harpsichord) filling in the harmonies The basso continuo supports one or more melody lines.
A form in which the music is made up of two different sections labelled A and B.
This is the same as AB form.
A link between two themes.
A showy passage for soloist alone in a concerto.
Each part has the same melody entering one after the other. Canon is the same as round.
A small group of soloists (concertino) contrasts with a larger group of instrumentalists (ripieno). The concerto grosso developed in the Baroque period.
A texture which consists of two or more independent melodic lines. It is similar to polyphonic.
In a fugue, after the subject or answer is played, the continuation of that same instrument or voice is called the countersubject.
Da Capo Aria
An aria in ternary form used in opera and oratorio. The 3rd section was not written out and was often ornamented.
A passage which links two important ideas.
The first section of a movement in sonata form.
A contrapuntal piece based on a theme (subject) announced in one voice part alone, then imitated by other voices in close succession.
A theme in the bass which is repeated many times while the upper parts are varied.
Texture where you hear a melody with accompaniment, or, where all the parts play a similar rhythm at the same time.
The melody is immediately copied in another part.
Variations over a ground bass.
A texture which consists of two or more independent melodic lines. It is similar to contrapuntal.
Ritornello means a theme which returns frequently throughout a piece. In a concerto grosso, the ritornello is the main, recurring theme played by the ripieno. The ritornello may return frequently throughout the movement.
Where voices or instruments enter very quickly one after the other, as in fugue.
Each verse of a vocal piece has the same music.
The main theme in a composition, the main themes in sonata form, or the main theme on which a fugue is based.
A three part form: an A section followed by a B section, which is a different melody, than a return to the A section.
This is the same as ABA form.
The lowest female voice.
A male singer between a tenor and bass.
The lowest male voice.
The lowest woodwind instrument. It uses a double reed.
A string instrument which is larger than a violin and smaller than a double bass.
High, florid singing involving elaborate ornamentation of a melody.
The small group of solo instrumentalists in a concerto grosso.
Like most music of the Rennaissance period if not actually a dance, like a pavane or galliard, was certainly dance like in style.
The music could be played by solo instruments such a lutes, harpsichords or virginals, by small groups of instruments of the same family or a group of varied instruments from different families. In England, a consort was the name given to a group of instruments of the same family playing together.
It was also a common practice to perform music with a 'broken consort', a collection of different instruments which blended together. This was really the forerunner of the Baroque orchestra which developed during the 17th century.
A male adult voice whose range is higher than a tenor's. The strong and pure tone is produced by resonances mainly in the head. This type of voice was very popular until the end of the 18th century.
A keyboard instrument where the strings are plucked.
A female singer whose voice range lies between that of a soprano and an alto.
A keyboard instrument usually found in churches. It often has more than one keyboard, and a pedal keyboard that is played with the feet.
There are four main types of recorder: descant, treble, tenor and bass.
The main group of ensemble instruments in a concerto grosso.
The highest female voice.
The highest male voice.
Loud. The abbreviation is f.
Quiet. The abbreviation is p.
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