13 terms

Urban issues and challenges

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Urbanisation
The process by which an increasing percentage of a countries population comes to live in towns and cities.
Rural-urban migration
The movement of people from the countryside into towns and cities
Natural increase
Where the birth rate is higher than the death rate which leads to an increase in population
Megacities
Cities with a population of over 10 million people
Squatter settlements
Any collection of buildings where the people have no legal rights to the land they are build upon
Informal economy
The part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government
Newly emerging economies (NEEs)
Countries that have begun to experience high rates of economic development, usually with rapid industrialisation
Migration
When people move from one place to another
Economic opportunities
Chances for people to improve their standard of living through employment
Social opportunities
Chances for people to improve their quality of life, for instance access to education and health care
Multiculturalism
Refers to a country or place that has more than one culture living together in close proximity
Ghettos
Economically poorer cultural groups in poorest parts of the city
Integrated transport system
All parts of the system fit together to make it efficient