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Terms in this set (4)
1. Strong stable government - e.g in the 2015 General Election, the Conservative Party won a clear majority with 331 MP's selected.
2. Strong tie between MP and constituency - e.g Brendan O'Hara is well known throughout his Argyll and Bute constituency.
3. Keeps extremist parties out - e.g the British National Party only put 10 candidates forward in the 2017 General Election with no single candidate being successfully elected as an MP and the BNP gaining under 5000 votes in total throughout Britain.
4. Easily understood - e.g a straight forward, simple voting system which elderly people can understand. Voters simply put an x on the ballot paper and the candidate with the most votes becomes the MP for that constituency e.g David Cameron was elected as MP for Witney constituency between 2001-2016.
Advantages of first past the post.
1. Unfair - e.g in the 2017 General Election, the Conservative Party won 42.4% of the national vote while the Labour Party won 40% of the vote. Yet the Conservatives gained 56 more MP's.
2. Undemocratic - e.g in the 2015 General Election, the Conservative Party gained only 36.9% of the total national vote, meaning over 60% of voters did not for the party. Yet the Conservatives won a clear majority of MP's and formed the government.
3. Perpetuates the two party system - either Labour or the Conservative Party have won every General Election since 1906.
4. General election can be decided in a few marginals - e.g the Conservatives won Stirling constituency in the 2017 General Election with a majority of 148 votes!
5. Some politicians don't have to work to keep their seats - e.g Jeremy Corbyn won Islington North constituency in the 2017 General Election with a 33,000 majority.
Disadvantages of first past the post.
1. Makes the Parliament more proportional - the MSP's elected more accurately reflect the views of the Scottish people. E.g in the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, the Green Party had 6 MSP's elected.
2. Maintains the link between constituent and constituency MSP - e.g Mike Russell is easily recognised as the Constituency MSP for Argyll and Bute.
3. May, in theory, reduce confrontation in politics - e.g in the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, the SNP gained 63 MSP's, but there is a hung parliament as there are 66 MSP's from all the other parties, so consensus politics is agreed.
Advantages of additional members system.
1. Could create confusion among voters as to who they should go to - constituency or regional list MSP. E.g there are 8 MSPs for every Scottish constituency. Most Glasgow Southside constituents know their Constituency MSP (e.g Nicola Sturgeon) but could not name any of their 7 Regional MSPs.
2. It is more complicated than the FPTP system - e.g many elderly people don't understand how to vote using the 2 ballot papers and it takes much longer to announce the election results. E.g Argyll and Bute constituency declared their result 16 hours after voting finished!
3. May not produce a clear winner, leading to a coalition or minority government - e.g 2016 Scottish Parliament election where the majority party SNP have formed a government with the help of the 6 Green Party MSPs, but have had to "water down" their proposed manifesto policies.
Disadvantages of the additional members system.
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