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Prisons, Laws etc.
Terms in this set (10)
1. Prison is not an effective way of tackling crime as
prisons are often overcrowded. The imprisonment rate in Scotland is 147 per 100,000, much higher than other countries such as Norway which only locks up 73 per 100,000.
2. Scotland's prisons have a capacity of 8000 but the prison population has been as high as 8500 in recent years. This means that prisoners are often locked up for up to 23 hours a day and don't get access to exercise or educational or work programmes.
3. Scottish and UK prisons have a high rate of re-offending. 60% of prisoners sentenced to less than 3 months re-offend, while 10% of long-term prisoners re-offend after release. 45 % of women re-offend.
4. Reoffending costs the UK £ 13 Billion per year and Scotland an estimated £3 billion per year.
Prison - ineffective.
1. Prison fulfils the function of retribution as it
gives justice to the victims of crime. By incapacitating criminals it also increases public safety as it removes criminals from society by incarcerating them.
2. Prison can also be an effective method of tackling crime as it involves the loss of freedom and so is a form of
punishment. Punitive approaches arguably act as a deterrent to many people and stop them from committing crimes for fear of being locked up and losing their liberty.
Prison - effective.
Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme, or Disclosure Scheme for Domestic Abuse Scotland (DSDAD)
was rolled out in 2015. This scheme, better known as Clare's law, allows people to be told if their partner has been violent in the past has been introduced in Scotland. The initiative is named after Clare Wood, who was murdered by her violent ex-boyfriend several years ago.
The Sex Offender Community Disclosure scheme (commonly known as Sarah's Law) was rolled out in
Scotland in 2011. It was the culmination of a UK campaign by Sara Payne, whose eight-year-old daughter Sarah was murdered in 2000 by a convicted paedophile. It allows anyone who wants to find out if someone in contact with a child has a record of child sexual offences.
The Offensive Behavior at Football and Threatening Communications (Scotland) Act 2012.
This law criminalizes behavior which is threatening, hateful or offensive at a football match including offensive singing or chanting. It also criminalizes the communication of threats of serious violence and threats intended to incite religious hatred, sent through the post or posted on the
Hate crime - football.
1. The minimum unit price of 50p per unit was brought in to affect cheap white ciders and spirits with high alcohol content which tend to be favored by problem drinkers.
2. Alcohol related crime has dropped in the last decade in both England & Wales from 1.3 million crimes to under 1 million.
3. The Scottish government reduced the legal alcohol limit for driving from 80mg to 50mg in every 100ml of blood.
4. Drink-drive numbers fell by 12% in the year after the Scottish limit reduced.
5. 82% of Scots now believe that drinking any alcohol before driving is unacceptable.
Preventing alcohol crime.
- Alcohol related crime is estimated to cost the UK over £20 billion every year, £3 billion in Scotland which equates to £900 per person.
- 45% of offenders were drunk at the time of their offence.
- 75% of young offenders were drunk at the time of their offence.
Restriction of Liberty Order are used with probation, can perhaps set useful boundaries for short periods and can help to engage offenders in constructive activities if used in conjunction with probation.
Only 2% of offenders have re-offended while tagged (most were driving offences)
1. Offenders who serve a community order instead of a custodial sentence are ⅓ less likely to re-offend and 4 times less likely to end up in custody for a future offence.
2. Re offending rates in Scotland for prison sentences were 47%, compared to 39% for community-based sentences.
3. 6 months in prison also costs more than 10 times as much as a community service order, so CPOs are a cheaper as well as more successful option than prisons.
Community payback orders - positives.
Community Payback Orders (CPOs) are used to deal with relatively low-level antisocial crimes. Community based sentences are most likely to be effective if targeted at those offenders who have not committed very serious offences and who do not present a high level of risk of harm to the
public but are at a relatively high risk of re-offending.
Community payback orders.
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