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Carlill v Carbollic Smoke Ball Co
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Terms in this set (20)
Carbolic Smoke Ball advertised that any person taking their smoke ball as directed and catching flu could claim £100 from them. Mrs Carlill took the ball as directed and still caught flu. She claimed her £100 and Carbolic Smoke refused.
Held: She could sue and claimed £100. It was an offer to the whole world that she had accepted. Her compliance with the terms had turned it from an offer to the whole world to contract with her personally.
A captain of a ship decided to step down during a trip and went back to working as a normal member of the crew. Upon returning, he tried to claim wages from the owner of the ship, but the ship owner was unaware of Taylor's decision to quit his job as captain and he had not received an offer from Taylor to work in alternative capacity. Held: His claim failed because Laird did not have an offer from the commander to do a different job, so there was not a binding contract.
Boots supermarket style meant customers selected goods from shelves and took them to the counter to pay. They were accused of offering for sale goods that required the supervision of a pharmacist.
Held: that the display was an invitation to treat, not an offer for sale; this took place at the till point where the pharmacists was situated. As a result Boots was found not guilty.
G entered into negotiations with the council to buy his council house after receiving a letter from them stating they may be prepared to sell the house to him. When G returned his form the council refused to sell.
Held: the Council's proposal was an invitation to treat. When Gibson replied this was the offer which was rejected by the council. As a result there was no binding contract of sale.
D wrote from New York to Cardiff offering to sell goods. When the offer was received, acceptance was telegraphed to New York. However, 3 days earlier D had written to withdraw the offer which did not arrive until after acceptance had taken place.
Held: The contract was legally binding as soon as acceptance had taken place.