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Requirements for presidency, congressional elections:
Terms in this set (57)
entitled to citizenship birth or at birth
Non-partisan Congressional Research Centre produced a report in 2011 asserting that a 'natural born citizen' referred to someone
renounce his Canadian citizenship to clear up issues regarding his eligibility to run for president
Ted Cruz was born in Canada to a US mother and Cuban father. After moving to the US aged 4, he felt he had to
naval base in the Panama Canal zone
Where was Senator John McCain born?
Hawii, two years after the state was admitted to the union as the 50th state.
Obama also faced questions regarding his background and eligibility to run, and was even pressed to release his birth certificate. He was born in
Being tele-genic and having good oratorical skills
Sound and relevant policies
Having backing by a major party
Ability to raise funds
Extra-constitutional requirements for presidency:
"I'm no good at television" and "Am I really that good?" (Also benefitted Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, and Obama in 2008. Questions could be asked regarding whether famous presidents such as Abraham Lincoln would have been Elected in the media age; he was often lampooned for his long gangling physique)
1984 - Mondale and Reagan on TV:
State governors, Senators, and non-political backgrounds (such as Carly Fiorina, the CEO of Hewlett-Packard)
Of the 2016 Republican candidates who made it to the Primaries, 5,4 and 3 were most recently
As recently as 2013 of the 100 members of the Senate, only 20 were women and 1 was
In 1988 Senator Gray Hart pulled out of the Democratic race for nomination, after being pictured with a scantily-clad model on board a yacht called..........
However, this may have weakened, with Bill Clinton winning the 1992 election despite it being amid rumours of him having an extra-martial affair with..................
"It's the economy, stupid".
The Iraq war .
Sound + Relevant Policies:
Bill Clinton 1992 :
John McCain 2000 :
Howard Dean 2004 :
4 (conflict between rep and dems)
By the mid 19th century, emergence of political parties made it difficult to appoint Senators.
In 1899, Delaware state legislature couldn't decide to appoint to Senate for how many years?
on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November
Like Presidential elections: Congressional elections are held
85.4% - high of 97.8% in 2000
Between 2000 and 2016, House reelection rates have never been below
79.3% - high of 96.1% in 2004
Between 2000 and 2016, Senate reelection rates have never been below
30 and 6
Between 1994 and 2010, how many Representatives and Senators lost their party's nomination in primary challenges
13 defeated in primaries and 27 in actual GE. Incumbency reelection rate of 90%
(Additionally, 8 of the 13 Representatives defeated in 2012 primaries were defeated due to 'reapportionment and redistricting', following 2010 census)
2012: House reelection rate and numbers -
1 defeated in primaries, 1 defeated in GE. Reelection rate of 91%
2012: Senate reelection rate and numbers -
Ohio's 10th district in 2012: incumbent Dennis Kucinich lost his seat to incumbent Marcy Kaptur when their districts were partially merged
example of loss of district due to redistricting:
In 2013 Congress' approval rating reached an all time low of
In 1812, which Massachusetts governor oversaw the creation of a congressional district shaped like a salamander?
Democrats won 48% vote and 201 seats, while Republicans won 47% and 234 seats (This happened as more Democrat votes had been wasted)
2012 CD elections:
Estimates that in 2014 House elections, 384 seats were completely safe for either Republicans or Democrats. They estimated that there were just 51 competitive races of 435.
Rothenberg Political report:
there were 111 competitive districts (they were won with a margin of less than 10% in previous election); going in to 2016 there were just 31
Competitive districts in 1992 and 2016:
3 'competitive' districts. [Also causes partisanship by CD representative]
In 2016, Democrats needed 30 seats to win back House control, but there were only
Around what percentage approves of their own representative, despite. Congress's low approval rating
Lisa Murkowski of Alaska
In 2010 who lost her primary but still managed to win reelction as a write-in candidate?
Every single incumbent Republican Senator facing the Tea party went on to win their primary challenge
2014 Tea Party challengers:
Eric Cantor, 2014, by Dave Brat (despite outspending Brat 40 to 1, having backing of interest groups, and name recogition)
Who was the first house leader ever to lose a primary challenge, when, and by which tea party candidate?
Texas gained 4 seats, while Florida gained 2, New York and Ohio both lost 2
After 2010 census:
34 seats in House and 12 in the Senate
1980: Reagan Presidential win accompanied by big gaines of
lost 9 House seats, while gaining a single seat in the Seat.
When Clinton was elected in 1992, the Democrats
Made 7 seat gain n House and 2 in Senate
36 districts - just 14% that Dems won. (Suggests that vast majority of Dem House candidates were more popular than the President)
2012: Obama elected and Democrats
But Obama's vote was higher than that for Dem House candidate in just
made 23 seat gain in house and 6 in Senate
2008: Obama elected and Democrats
2016: of the 21 winning Republican Senate candidates, how many won a higher share of the vote than Trump?
Pat Toomey and Richard Burr
Which Pennsylvania and North Carolina Reps won 2016 races where a Dem was in the lead?
1998 under Clinton and 2002 under Bush
(since ww2, President's party has gained seats at midterms on just 2 occasions)
Only recent examples of President's party not losing midterms
Dems lost 63 House seats (biggest since 1948) and 4 Senate seats.
Reps lost 30 House seats and 6 in the Senate
48 (ith the election dominated by the Watergate scandal)
In 1974, Republicans lost how many House seats?
13 and 9
2014: what was the Rep gain (and Dem loss) in the House and Senate:
ACA: passed without a single
(However, of the 80 Democrats belonging to the Progressive Caucus, only 3 were defeated in 2010.
This means that President's policies were popular in Democratic areas, he just failed to maintain support of 'McCain Democrats', who tended to vote Republican)
2008 'McCain Democrats': how many districts elected Democrats to HOR, but also voted for Presidential candidate John McCain?
Of these 'McCain Democrats', how many were reelected in 2010
62% and 41%
36% and 61%
2008 and 2010 Turnout:
2014 and 2016 Turnout:
13 to 11%
15 to 21%.
2008: the youth vote accounted for 18% of the electorate, but in 2010 only accounted for
African American vote share went from:
Over 65s up from
2008: what % of voters said they would be 'more likely' to back a candidate with many years of Washington experience, compared to what percentage who would be less likely?
However, by 2016 this had changed, with only what percentage more likely to back such a candidate, with what percentage less likely to?
5, 4, and 3
Such as Carly Fiorina, the CEO of Hewlett-Packard (only 1 in 2012)
Of the 2016 Republican candidates who made it to the Primaries, how many were recent state governors, senators, and from non-political backgrounds (such as)?
"I'm no good at television", "Am I really that good?"
(Also benefited Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, and Obama in 2008)
1984 views on TV from Mondale and Reagan:
Obama's superior organisation was a contributing factor in his winning of the Democratic nomination over Hillary Clinton. Bob Dole's 1996 presidential run was impacted by poor organisation when he lost the election to a weak Bill Clinton.
Importance of organisation in presidential race examples:
white women was faced against a black man
Why was 2008 Dem primaries significant
1996 and 2000
Due to needing large sums of money before caucuses and primaries even begin, only a few billionaires have been able to self-finance their campaigns—such as Steve Forbes in
$125 million, $66 million
According to opensecrets.org, Obama raised how much in 2011 and a further how much in 2012
$5 billion of free media coverage
However, importance may be waning; Trump raised $333 million dollars, which was less than Hillary, but received an estimated
43% more likely to support a candidate with this experience
Military Experience was the most advantageous characteristic for a presidential candidate in 2008 and 2012; in 2016
Even Dwight Eisenhower, someone with prestige due to being a 5-star military general, needed to receive Republican party endorsement to run for president in
1/3, 5% (more then less likely)
2016: more and less likely to support a state governor and corporate executive
53% less likely to vote including 70% Republicans and 42% Democrats,
52% less likely
Positive among Reps but negative for Dems
Most Negatively Viewed Traits:
Not believing in God:
Having never held elected office:
Being an Evangelical Christian is a net
46 and 27%
19 and 9% (most voters saying it would not matter)
9 and 9%
'Less likely to vote for a Homosexual' 2007 vs 2016
gender: more and less likely to vote for a woman
Race more and less likely to vote for a hispanic
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