Geography B Development Dynamics
Terms in this set (41)
What is development?
The overall term used to measure how advance a country is.
What are the 3 different Types of Development ?
Economic, Socio-Political and sustainable
What is Human Development Index ?
Used to measure development by using the factors of a sustainable human life such as Health (Life expectancy) Education and Income (Gross domestic product per capita).
What's is GDP?
Gross Domestic Product per capita. Used to measure or highlight the income of a country
Name and explain 5 ways to measure development.
Birth Rates, Death Rates, Infant Mortality Rate, HDI,GDP, Fertility Rate, Level of Literacy, Access to Clean Water, Types of Employment, Rural Population.
What is death rate?
The number of deaths per 1000 of the population.
What is life expectancy?
The average a number of years a newborn can expect to live at current mortality levels.
What is birth rate?
The number of babies born per 1000 of the population
What is fertility Rate?
The total number of children per women
What is level of literacy?
% of people that can read and write in a country
What is infant mortality rate?
The number of babies dying before the age of 1 per live births
What is access to clean water?
% of people who have access to clean water .
How does LandLock cause inequality?
LandLock countries develop slower than coastal countries, no sea, harder to import and export, negotiations, lost of money.
How does climate cause inequality?
Countries with hotter climate are prone to cyclones and hurricanes, money invested on natural disasters rather than focusing on development. Countries with cooler climate are not prone to cyclones, spend their extra money on development.
What are the advantages of Bottom-up development?
Small scale so it cheap. small scale so it's quicker. No environmental damage.
What are the disadvantages of Bottom
- depending on area poor people might not afford new tech
- Longer to process on the whole
What is Top-Down development?
Large scale project that is planned by the government to develop country on a whole, usually involves borrowing large amounts of money.
What are the advantages of Top- down Development?
- The affects of the development would be quick.
- Affects the whole country
- use basic tech
What are the disadvantages of Top-Down development?
-countries could go into dept after borrowing money.
- new tech could decrease employment
- Development may be hard to maintain.
What is Franks Development Theory?
Explained that we had the core, semi-peripheral&peripheral.
- core (developing) would sell resources for cheap price
-semi peripheral and peripheral would sell manufacturing goods for a expensive price
- core would lose lost of money (slower development)
-semi- peripheral and peripheral would gain money leading to faster development.
What is an developing country?
A country with a low human development
What is an emerging country?
A country with a medium/ high development
What is an Developed country?
A country with a high human development
Where is India located?
Southern Asia on Indian and Arabian Sea in the Bay of Bengal.
Which countries surround India
Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and China
Why is India important?
- it's an emerging country
- it's growing fast
- it's geographical location encouraged it's growth
- predicted to be the 2nd larges economy in 2050
What are TNCs?
-Trans National Corporations
- when business located their business in other countries for development.
What are FDIs?
- Foreign Direct Investments
- countries that invest in other countries for development.
-Long term investments into another country
What is globalization?
The process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected by trade and cultural exchange.
Why are FDIs important for India?
- helps to build infrastructure
-leads to employment as shops,work place are provided
- leads to taxes
- government can now invest in transportation, education and Health
Why are TNCs important for India?
TNCs are basically businesses locating themselves into other countries
- stimulates work flow of business
-Improves tech and trade
What are the environmental impacts of economic growth
- water pollution
- climate change
social impacts of economic growth
- education can be provided for women
- jobs are provided
- urbanisation(people moving from rural areas to urban to work)
What is Primary Industry/commodities
Agriculture: extracting raw materials
What is secondary industry?
Processing raw materials into finished product
Selling of unfinished product
Trading without tax
What are the causes of inequality ?
- international relations
How does international relations cause inequality?
If countries have bad relations they would have to spend money on weapons rather than TNCs and FDIs
What is Bottom-up development?
Projects that planned by local communities to develop their peripheral area which would eventually develop the whole country.
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