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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
CLO History: Year 9 - All topic revision from 1914-1945
Terms in this set (69)
British policy towards Germany in the mid to late 1930s?
Leader of Germany from 1933?
Nazi leader in charge of propaganda?
German tactic once the attempt to destroy British RAF bases failed in 1940?
French port where the BEF had to evacuated from?
Peace treaty signed in 1919?
Treaty of Versailles
What does BEF stand for?
British Expeditionary Force
Who was the British Prime Minister by the time the BEF were evacuated from France?
Who was the British Prime Minister when Britain declared war on Germany?
Which country was invaded by Germany that directly led to Britain declaring war?
What was the name of the German Secret Police that was under the control of the SS?
What was the name of the German plan to invade Britain?
Which recent invention helped the RAF predict raids during the Battle of Britain?
The German tactic that helped defeat Belgium and France in 1940?
Which Nazi organisation did Hitler weaken at the 'Night of the Long Knives'?
Which British plane could out turn a Messerschmitt 109?
What is the correct term for the £6.6 billion fine Germany had to pay after WW1?
Which country did Germany make an unlikely alliance with in 1939?
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union in 1939?
Someone who was targeted by the Nazis and experienced persecution.
Someone who committed crimes during the Holocaust.
Someone who was neither a victim, nor a perpetrator, but was aware of the criminality and did nothing to stop it.
The National Socialist German Workers Party - the ruling party in Germany 1933-45.
NSDAP (Nazi Party)
Work units made up of death camp prisoners. They were composed of prisoners, usually Jews, who were forced, on threat of their own deaths, to aid with the disposal of gas chamber victims during the Holocaust.
The method of extermination used by the Nazis in some concentration camps from 1942 onwards.
Is a set of beliefs and practices that aims at improving the genetic quality of the human population.
The forcible movement of prisoners from camps in the East to camps inside Germany away from front lines and Allied forces to remove evidence from concentration camps and to prevent the repatriation of prisoners of war
Holocaust denial is the act of denying the genocide of Jews and other groups in the Holo-caust during World War II. It is highly controversial, illegal in many countries and historically in-accurate. An example of a "historian" who has tried to deny the Holocaust is David Irving.
VE Day - the Holocaust was over
May 8 1945
Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor, and Treblinka were built for the purpose of mass extermination.
"The Night of Broken Glass" - was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany on 9-10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and German civilians. German authorities looked on without intervening.
16 top Nazi bureaucrats met to coordinate the Final Solution in which the Nazis would attempt to exterminate the entire Jewish population of Europe, an estimated 11 million persons.
Jewish term for the Holocaust.
Shoah (meaning 'catastrophe')
First Concentration Camp opened at Dachau.
Death squads of Nazis responsible for mass killings e.g. taking prisoner groups into forests, shooting them and burying the bodies.
Known as the 'SS', 'Blackshirts' or Hitler's personal bodyguard.
Work units made up of death camp prisoners - usually Jews forced under the threat of death - who carried out duties for the Nazi guards.
Leader of the SS.
Chaired the Wannsee Conference in January 1942.
Led a team of doctors that performed deadly human experiments on prisoners in Concentration Camps.
Dr Josef Mengele
Areas of towns or cities used to separate, confine and segregate Jews.
A key organiser of the Wannsee conference and the 'Final Solution'.
As the Allies liberated parts of German held Europe, this was the forcible movement of prisoners from concentration camps in the east to others inside Germany. This also removed evidence of what the Nazis had been doing in such camps.
The struggle to overcome the negatives of the past or the question of 'German guilt'.
A Jewish girl who kept a diary of her life in hiding from the Nazis. She was eventually captured and died in the Belsen Concentration Camp.
The date Hitler was made Chancellor of Germany?
30th January 1933
When the Nazis first opened a Concentration Camp?
When the Nuremburg Laws were first passed ?
15th September 1935
When was the Wannsee Conference?
20th January 1942
When was Auschwitz liberated?
27th January 1945
What was a Sonderkommando?
Work units made up of Death Camp prisoners who aided with the disposal of gas chamber victims during the Holocaust
What does Kristallnacht mean?
Night of Broken Glass
What policy did the Nazis have towards groups such as those with physical disabilities, who they felt were 'unworthy of life'?
Whose assassination sparked the First world War?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
What was the raised section at the front of the trench called?
What part of a trench designed to aid drainage often did not work leading to the trench becoming waterlogged?
The unhygienic conditions of a trench often led to the soldiers suffering from what illness spread by lice?
Which injury was the most common injury suffered by soldiers?
Which battle famously started in July 1916?
Battle of the Somme
Which British military leader became known as the 'Butcher of the Somme'?
Britain, France and Russia were all member of which alliance?
Germany and Austria Hungary were part of which alliance?
Which country came to the defence of Serbia when invaded by Austria Hungary in 1914?
The M in MAIN stands for?
The A in MAIN stands for?
The I in MAIN stands for?
The N in MAIN stands for?
The Battle of the Somme is preceded by what tactic?
Huge Artillery bomardment
What artillery tactic is developed by the British as a result of the Somme?
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