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National 5 Music Concepts
Terms in this set (65)
Unaccompanied choral singing.
A broken chord pattern played in the left hand.
Instruction given to string players to use a bow.
A song in an opera, oratorio or cantata with orchestral accompaniment.
No feeling of key, major or minor.
A male voice whose range lies between that of Bass and Tenor.
A B. A form in which the music is made up of two different sections labelled A and B. Each section may be repeated.
A hand held, goatskin drum.
A folk song, usually with many verses, from north-east Scotland. It tells a story of rural or farming life. Usually sung by men.
A family of instruments made from metal with a mouthpiece, e.g. trumpet, trombone, French horn and tuba.
Music which incorporates instruments and themes from Celtic music into rock music.
Chord progressions using I, IV, V, VI
Different progressions using the chords built on the 1st, 4th, 5th and 6th notes of a major or minor scale.
1. A group of singers with several people to each part.
2. The music written for these singers.
3. the refrain between the verses of a song.
A stepwise series of notes built up entirely of semitones, e.g. C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B.
A Scottish Harp.
1750 to 1810 approximately. The era of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.
A group of notes played on a keyboard instrument with the palm of the hand or even with the forearm. Used in some 20th-century music.
A passage at the end of a piece of music which rounds it off.
The Italian term for 'with a mute'.
Compound time groupings
The beat divides into threes. e.g. 6/8 (Nellie the Elephant)
Texture in which each of two or more parts have independent melodic interest; Similar in meaning to Polyphonic.
Two parts which move in opposite directions, e.g. as one part ascends the other part descends.
A melody played against the main melody.
Term used to describe the effect of two notes being played against three (e.g. in piano music it might be groups of two quavers in in the right hand and groups of triplets in the left hand).
Another melody above the main tune, mainly in vocal music.
A section of music linking two themes.
A method of tonguing in which the player rolls the letter 'r'. It is used by wind players and is particularly effective for flute and brass.
Slow, unaccompanied Gaelic church tune, heard mostly in the Western Isles of Scotland.
Sliding from one note to another, taking in all the notes in between where possible.
Music that expresses a christian belief.
A type of ornament played as quick note before the main note of a melody.
A theme in the bass which is repeated many times while the upper parts are varied.
Texture where all the parts move together rhythmically.
A cadence consists of two chords at the end of a phrase. In an imperfect cadence the second chord is the dominant V creating an unfinished effect.
Music from India which uses instruments such as the sitar and tabla.
A pedal point which sounds in an upper part instead of in the bass.
Melismatic word setting
Vocal music in which several notes are sung to one syllable.
A female singer whose voice range lies between that of a soprano and an alto.
A development in the second half of the 20th century based on simple rhythmic and melodic figures which are constantly repeated with very slight changes each time.
Played at a moderate or walking pace.
A change of key.
i.e. Castanents, Hi-hat, Cymbals and Bongo Drums
A cadence that consists of a dominant chord followed by a Tonic chord. It sounds finished.
The classical music of the Highland bagpipe.
Changing the pitch of a note, e.g. by pushing a guitar string upwards.
Abbreviation pizz. An instruction given to string players to pluck the strings insteasd of using the bow.
Texture which consists of two or more melodic lines, possibly of equal importance and which weave independently of each other.
An electronic effect which can give the impression of different hall acoustics, e.g. as if the performance is in a cathedral.
A gradual slow down in tempo.
A very fast repetition of a note on a percussion instrument, e.g. on a snare drum or timpani.
A B A C A. A form where the first section (A) comes back between contrasting sections.
A rhythmic give and take in a phrase allowing more expression.
Half a tone, e.g. C to C#, or the distance from one fret to another on a guitar.
A plucked, stringed instrument from India.
e.g. Viola, Violin, Cello and Double Bass
A vocal/choral composition in which each verse has the same music.
Syllabic word setting
Vocal music where each syllable is given one note only.
A large work for orchestra usually in four movements.
Two Indian drums tuned to different pitches and often used to accompany the Sitar.
Two semitones, e.g. C to D, or the distance between two frets on a guitar.
Rapid and repeated movement between two adjacent notes.
A moving bass line with notes usually of the same value. it often moves by step, but not always so.
A rhythmic song sung in Gaelic by the women in the western Isles of Scotland while they ' waulked' the woollen cloth to soften and shrink it. Sometimes the singing is led by a soloist with a response from the rest of the women.
A scale containing no semitones but built entirely on whole tones.
e.g. Piccolo, Oboe and Bassoon. They need not be made of wood.
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