English Literature: Romeo and Juliet
Terms in this set (101)
Love is refereed to as something that has the ability to take over and empower somebody, often leading them into making terrible mistakes and costing themselves. This is done at times alongside the motifs of the stars as well as the theme fate and destiny.
"O brawling love! O loving hate!"
Love Act 1 Scene 1: Love is shown here as unrequited and confusing leading to Romeo questioning how it can be such a good thing. The use of paradox here as well as hyperbole helps to show how lost Romeo is in how things have gone.
"Cupids arrow; she hath Dians wit."
Love Act 1 Scene 1: Shown as something decided by fate and the gods when saying that though he has "cupids arrow." Dian is the goddess of wisdom.
"I have a soul of lead"
Love Act 1 Scene 2: The word 'lead' draws connotation to poison showing the damaging affect love can have on somebody.
"is love a tender thing? It is too rough, too rude, to boisterous and it pricks like a thorn."
Love Act 1 Scene 2: Love is shown by Romeo as ugly. The verbs used help make the abstract noun of love to represent in a more physical way. In Romeo's case he shows it as disgusting.
"the orchard walls are high and hard to climb" and "the place is death considering who thou art."
Love Act 2 Scene 2: Shown here as empowering when Juliet is questioning why Romeo has come back as 'the orchard walls are high and hard to climb' and that 'the place is death considering who thou art.' To a normal person nobody would normally attempt this feat if these were the circumstances,e.g death. However Romeo love has given him a reason, empowered him, to do this.
"Two of the fairest stars in all of heaven"
Love Act 2 Scene 2: Shakespeare's use of the motif of the stars to show love to meant to be - as well as the referencing to heaven making love seem very much holyful. The adjective 'fairest' also shows love, especially for young people, as based off looks and not personality.
"It is the east and Juliet is the sun."
Love Act 2 Scene 2: Another way love is shown is as necessary when Romeo says 'It is the east and Juliet is the sun.' Describing Juliet as the sun, when thinking of the planets, another motif, without it there would be no light; which draws a connotation to hope and heaven.
"Take him and cut him out into little stars."
Love Act 3 Scene 2: The motif of the stars is then used by Juliet during her soliloquy; "cut him out into little stars." This is interesting as it shows Juliet love for Romeo as somewhat forever lasting as stars take ages to stop shining light - again drawing the something from what was said about Juliet
"O that deceitful dwell in such a gorgeous palace"
Love Act 3 Scene 2: However love is also shown here as superficial, more specifically for the youth. When Juliet claims Romeo has a terrible personality when referring to Romeo after he kills Tybalt. She does this to explain her confusing for how a man so handsome can have such a poor sense of judgement and personality; she only ever cared about his looks.
"find him! Give this ring to my true knight."
Love Act 3 Scene 2: Love is then shown as blinding with Juliet looking over this and instead asking the nurse to go 'find him!" And "my true knight.' This is odd as she completely glosses over the fact that Romeo has just killed Tybalt and still refers to him as such a noble man - as a night should be.
"green-sickness","baggage" and "tallow-face."
Love Act 4 Scene 5 : From a family perspective love shown as a cause for empathy when Capulet describes the fake dead Juliet as 'like an untimely frost upon the sweetest flower of all the fields.' This shows Capulet' regret for how he had treated Juliet when before during their argument earlier she refereed to her as 'green-sickness','baggage' and 'tallow-face.' Not a rose.
"Joys are buried."
Love Act 4 Scene 5: Love is also shown as not forever as Capulet claims after Juliet death his "joys are buried." Buried referring to someone in a tomb.
"Alack the day" and "most lamentable day, most woeful day."
Love Act 4 Scene 5: "Alack the day" is repeated by the nurse multiple times by the nurse when referring to Juliet showing how much she cared and love her; she did lactate for her. This echoed by Lady Capulet "most lamentable day, most woeful day."
In the play, Shakespeare shows Action as a thoughtless and unneeded. This was shown by Shakespeare through the reaction of characters and the harsh decisions made by them in response.
"Ancient grudge breaks to new mutiny"
Action Act 1 Scene 1: Shakespeare shows action as long lasting with the use of the adjective "ancient." It helps to show that though this "grudge" may of happened a long time ago, but all it takes is a shock to bring back new "mutiny."
"Civil blood makes civil hands unclean"
Action Act 1 Scene 1: The use of "Civil,"I feel helps to show Action as public as is has been shown as it refers to multiple civilians being part of these incidents.
"Do you bite your thumb at me sir"
Action Act 1 Scene 1: Here Action is shown by Shakespeare as needed to state your authority and retain your power. The biting of one "thumb" helps to show how insult like that cannot be tolerated - action must be taken.
"Thou art a villain"
Action Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows Action as provoked. Tybalt could easily "be satisfied", as Romeo says, but refuses. He wants a fight as well as some action. This action is not needed and the insult of calling Romeo a "villain" helps to show how provoking someone can cause action.
"Make it a word and a blow"
Action Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows action as provoked. The insults Mercutio is firing at Tybalt aren't needed - he wants to fight Romeo not him. The verb "blow" is use to refer to the to fighting rather than just talking through their differences.
"They have made worms meat off me"
Action Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows action as gruesome. The term "worms meat" helps to suggest that the wounds Mercutio has faced in his brawl are both gruesome and painful. The wounds kill Mercutio off and further show Action as unneeded.
"Fired eyed fury be my conduct now"
Action Act 3 Scene 1: Shows Action as Justice based as to start off with Romeo doesn't really want to kill off Tybalt. But after Mercutio's death he feels it is, and in my opinion is right, to brawl with Tybalt.
"O I am fortunes fool"
Action Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows Action as inevitable. The reference to fortune and fate helps to suggest this as their is no way of avoiding what happens. Which I feel is naive as Romeo has already decided in justice to kill Tybalt.
"Either thou, or I, or both must go with him"
Action Act 3 Scene 1: Here Action is shown as naive. Romeo or Tybalt do not have to die in order to sort out Justice. The Action is unneeded; they could easily settle their squabbles in another way.
"O I am slain"
Action Act 5 Scene 3: Here Shakespeare shows Action as unneeded and tragic. Romeo is stupid and naive. Action is not needed to get passed Paris - why kill him? It's stupid, wrong and no it even done in justice. The verb "slain" helps to show to the audience how badly wounded he is by the action. Action is bad, very, very bad.
"O happy dagger"
Action Act 5 Scene 3: Here Shakespeare shows Action as a desperate act that can be carried out in and Act of love., The adjective "happy" helps to show how happy and willing is to die in order to be with her love, Romeo.
In the play Shakespeare shows friendship as an empowering but dangerous thing that has the ability to ruin and tarnish the lives of people.
"Prick love for pricking" and "You are a lover; borrow Cupid's wings"
Friendship Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows friendship as comforting as well as encouraging. Shakespeare's use of Mercutio's facetious attitude shows how close friendship can be as he knows how to raise Romeo's spirits. (This is shown through two quotes.)
"We must have you dance"
Friendship Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows friendship as encouraging. Without Mercutio's persistence with his friend Romeo, he would of never met his love Juliet meaning that the play might of ended completely differently.
Friendship Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows friendship as powerful. Where Tybalt able to just "be satisfied" and accept Romeo's request of just being acquaintances. Than him and Mercutio would not have died.
"I fought all for the best"
Friendship Act 3 Scene 1: Here friendship is shown as apologetic as Romeo did what he did for the safety of others, not to kill Mercutio. However the use of the verb "fought" helps to suggest that sometimes friendship can be dangerous with verb referencing violence.
"A plague on both your houses"
Friendship Act 1 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows Friendship as strong but breakable. The use of a curse by Mercutio helps to allure to him and Romeo friendship being all but never. However it can also be seen as strong as it took murder itself to end their friendship.
"Do as thou wilt for I hath done with thee" and "I'll ne'er acknowledge thee"
Act 3 Scene 5: Here Shakespeare shows friendship as breakable - even if it is as close as family friendship. The use of the word "thee" in both quotes to describe their daughter, Juliet, helps to show how little they suddenly care about Juliet showing how quickly friendship can turn to disgust.
"Speakest thou from thy heart" and "And from my soul too"
Act 3 Scene 5: Here the Friendship between the Nurse Andy Juliet is shown as truthful. The referencing to the "heart" and "soul" helps to show how caring and good-willed the nurses friendship for Juliet is.
"I'll raise her statue in pure gold"
Act 5 Scene 3: Here Shakespeare shows friendship as forced as, though the new friendship between the Capulets and the Montagues, the only reason why it exists is because of the death of their kids. And so the statue "in pure gold" I feel is good as to what new relationship this represent, but it shouldn't have had to happen just based off of the circumstances.
In the play power is shown as an aggressive, dangerous thing that should be treated with respect. The use of threats and soliloquies are examples of how Shakespeare showed this.
Power Act 1 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare use "purple" to show power. This is because that specific colour draws connotations to royalty and power. It shows power as inherited and lawful.
"Throw" and "Hear"
Power Act 1 Scene 1: Here the use of imperatives such as quoted helps to show power by Shakespeare as forceful and unchangeable.
Power Act 1 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows power as threatening. Surprisingly he did this through the use threats to show just how forceful power can be.
"He shall be endured"
Power Act 1 Scene 5: Here Shakespeare shows power as authoritative. Here the use of the imperative "shall" shows respected and forceful Capulet can be.
Power Act 1 Scene 5: Here Shakespeare shows power as dominating. The repetition of the personal pronoun "You'll" helps to shows this as references to how ordering one can be when bestowed with power.
"Your a saucy boy"
Power Act 1 Scene 5: Here Shakespeare shows power with the use of insults. This helps to show how power can be hostile and mean
"Cut, you baggage"
Power Act 4: Here Shakespeare shows power hostile and something that should not be under-mined. Capulet's reaction says enough when calling his "rose" nothing more than just "baggage".
"Get" and "Speak" and "Do not"
Power Act 4: Here Shakespeare use of imperatives in Capulet's sentences helps to show power as law-abiding. It's like he's reading off of a list showing how power can also chain you down.
"I'll ne'er acknowledge thee"
Power Act 4: Here power is shown as threatening. Shakespeare does this through the use of threats (surprise). Also power can be seen as beneficial as it shows how their are no consequences to him no longer caring for his daughter. His status allows him to do as he pleases.
"A lack the day"
Power Act 4: Here Shakespeare shows power as changeable. This is shown as Juliet is suddenly able to subside her father's power and be the more powerful character by just faking her death. What is significant about this is that power can be shown as manipulative as Juliet sudden show of power allows for Friar Laurence's plan to come into affect.
"O lamentable day" and "O woeful time"
Power Act 4: Here Shakespeare shows power as painful and unmerciful. This is shown through the amount of pain Juliet allows her family to go through during her fake death. This also helps to show power as blinding and is shown in 2 quotes.
Friar Laurence Overview
In the play Friar Laurence is shown as a manipulative men who holds the ability to catalyze the chain of events that are about to come. Without him the play would of ended quite differently.
"Holy Saint Francis"
Friar Laurence Act 2: In the play Shakespeare shows him as a fearful character. The reference to a saint helps to shows this as he seeks comfort in someone so holy.
"Not in a grave to lay in"
Friar Laurence Act 2: In the play Shakespeare is shown as wise and caring. He understands that Romeo's love for Juliet will end with him in "grave" rather than married. He likes Romeo and doesn't want that to happen. He is right as well as he foreshadows the end with Romeo dying.
"Turns your households rancor into pure love"
Friar Laurence Act 2: Here Shakespeare shows Friar Laurence as intelligent. His ability to spot other benefits to Romeo marrying Juliet is juxtaposed to be superior to Romeo. However this also shows as shellfish as he only does this for the benefit of the people of Verona. Not Romeo and Juliet.
"Art thou happy"
Friar Laurence Act 3: Here Friar Laurence is shown as caring as he wants Romeo to be "happy", which is repeatedly said during his soliloquy. It helps to bring comfort to Romeo, who he dearly cares about.
"Art thou a man" and "Thy tears art womanish"
Friar Laurence Act 3: Here Shakespeare shows him here as a manipulative man in 2 separate quotes. His claim that Romeo is acting very "womanish" and questioning of his manliness helps to show Friar Laurence's understanding and ability to have power in a situation. This is because this allows him to get Romeo to listen to him and learn the full plan. His comfort is little more than a side-thought.
"Hold, then; go home be mercy, give consent"
Friar Laurence Act 4: Here Shakespeare shows Friar Laurence as quick thinking and sly. The use of semi-colons helps to show himself pausing seamlessly coming up with a new plan to hide Juliet's marriage to Romeo.
"Take thou this vial"
Friar Laurence Act 4: Here Shakespeare shows him as a powerful men man. The use of imperatives alludes to him calling what's what with Juliet. However it also shows him as trusted as she could easily ignore him like she is going to do to her family but decides not to. She has comfort in the Friar.
"Come, go, good Juliet"
Friar Laurence Act 5: Shows the Friar as manipulative again through the use of imperatives, as if he is ordering her.
'(Exit Friar Laurence)'
Friar Laurence Act 5: The swiftness of an exit from Friar Laurence ,when shown in stage direction, prior to Juliet's death shows how self-centred he is as he could go and stop but doesn't.
"I marriged them"
Friar Laurence Act 5: Shows Friar Laurence as the root cause of the death of the poem. At this stage he could of refused to marry them but instead decided not to. Without that and his input further on through out the play the tragic events, ion my opinion, would not of happened.
In the play Romeo is shown by Shakespeare to be an over emotional, hyperbolic character who allows these emotions to take over him - which ends up costing him dearly. Key events like Tybalt's death helps to so this as, without his emotion based choices, the end would of been far more beneficial for Romeo.
"I have a soul of lead"
Romeo Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows Romeo as hyperbolic character. His reference to his should being made out of lead draws connotation to dark and poison, which ends up killing him in the end.
"Under loves heavy burden"
Romeo Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows him as over exaggerating. His opinion use of the adjective "burden" to describe love is a farce considering later on down the line he'll become empowered in love, enjoying every last second of it.
"Is love a tender thing? It is to rough, too rude, too boisterous and pricks like a thorn"
Romeo Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows Romeo as heartbroken to the extent he question what love is, through the use of rhetorical question. Also the use of adjectives such as "rough", "rude", "boisterous", and the simile comparing love to a "thorn" helps to produce a semantic field of ugliness surrounding the idea of love.
"It is the east, and Juliet is the sun"
Romeo Act 2: Here Romeo is shown as an over exaggerative guy. The comparison of Juliet to the sun also shows him as deeply in love with Juliet as, like the sun, Juliet is the centre of the world for Romeo.
"My life be better ended by their hate, then death prolonged wanting of thy love"
Romeo Act 2: Shows Romeo as empowering, like a drug. He doesn't want it to go but instead if he is going to die, then die with it.
"Orchard wall are high and hard to climb"
Romeo Act 2: Here is shown as dedicated to his Love for Juleit. Reference to the difficult scenario's he faces helps to show this, in this case "high" and "hard".
Romeo Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows Romeo as possibly a maturing character. However I see his request to be civil with Tybalt to be more based upon shellfish means of making his relationship with Juliet easier to sustain.
"Fired eyed fury be my conduct now"
Romeo Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare show Romeo as extremely over dramatic. The need for some "fired eyed fury" is crazy considering he most likely already knows what the consequences will be. In my opinion here Romeo act very childish.
"O, I am fortune's fool"
Romeo Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows Romeo as be incompetent. In my opinion both him and the audience both know what would happen to him if he kills Tybalt but as per usual in the play his emotionally love for Mercutio gets ahead of him alongside his immaturity and he ends up killing him.
"I defy you stars"
Romeo Act 5: Here Shakespeare shows Romeo to be heartbroken. The reference of the stars helps to represent howler down he is by fate.
"Wilt thou provoke me? Than have it at here boy"
Romeo Act 5: Here Shakespeare shows Romeo as over dramatic. He could of easily of just told the truth to Paris but his frustration, shown through the rhetorical question, gets to him and then costs another person dearly.
In the play Shakespeare shows Mercutio as a mercurial character. He is also made to be the catalyst for the plays darker atmosphere after he dies.
"Prick love for pricking"
Mercutio Act 1: In the play Shakespeare shows Mercutio as a satirical person when he pops jokes at Romeo and how love is "too rough" etc.
"If love be rough with you be rough with love"
Mercutio Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows him as a immature, joking character. His immaturity is shown in comparison too Benvolio; he is more joking (firing shots at him) whereas Benvolio is more encouraging.
"You are a lover; borrow Cupid's wings"
Mercutio Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows Mercutio as a joking character. The reference to Cupid, who isn't real, helps to show this as well as his joy in Romeo's situation.
"Her fans the fairer face"
Mercutio Act 2: Here Shakespeare shows him as a rude person. His juxtaposition and claim that the fan is prettier shows this as he does not even know the Nurse, but finds it funny to laugh about her.
"Fair gentle women"
Mercutio Act 2: Here Shakespeare shows him as a immature, clever, funny character. His speed of thought is well thought as he barges into her and Romeo's conversation - Very rude.
"Farewell ancient lady"
Mercutio Act 2: Here Shakespeare shows Mercutio as a rude character. The use of the adjective "ancient" to describe the Nurse, considering they had never met each other until then shows how careless and mean he can be as a person.
"Lady, lady, lady (singing)"
Mercutio Act 2: Here Shakespeare shows Mercutio as immature through the stage direction '(singing)' when repeating the word "lady". The fact he is singing makes me feel that he is somewhat amused by this - a very simple thing.
"By my heel I care not"
Mercutio Act 3 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare shows Mercutio as a care free character. The fact that we know, Benvolio knows and he knows the cost they may face from meeting the Capulets helps to show his lack of care about this bemusing to say the least.
"O calm dishonourable vile submission"
Mercutio Act 3 Scene 1:Here Shakespeare shows Mercutio as an over dramatic violent character. This is shown through the hyperbole of adjectives "dishonourable" and "vile" help to show the violence he is able to induce. Very exaggerated.
"A scratch, a scratch" and "Made worms meat of me"
Mercutio Act 3 Scene 1: Here Mercutio is shown as a over dramatic character. This is shown through the 2 quotes. At first he is unfazed by his wounds - shown with the repetition of calling it a "scratch. However when he come to know of the severity he use hyperbole to dramatise it. He does this by comparing his wounded body to "worms meat".
"A plague O' both your houses"
Mercutio Act 3 Scene 1: Here Mercutio is shown as hostile and outraged. The use of a curse on "both your houses" helps to show this.
In the play Juliet is shown by Shakespeare to be an immature, selfish, manipulative, character who can only justify all he actions with her love for her "true knight".
"Be but sworn my love and I'll no longer be a Capulet"
Juliet Act 1: In the play Juliet is shown as an immature character empowered by love. She is blatantly lying to herself. Her farther owns her. It's not her choice.
"My bounty is a boundless sea"
Juliet Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows Juliet as in love and empowered by it. The metaphor to describe her love as "boundless" is a way Shakespeare does this.
"O Romeo, Romeo! Where art thou Romeo"
Juliet Act 1: Here Shakespeare shows Juliet as a hopeful and dramatic. The use of the exclamation mark help to show how over the top she is.
"O, I have bought the mansion of a love, but not possed it"
Juliet Act 2: Here Juliet is shown as ecstatic but immature. Shes is happy as her dream "mansion has come in Romeo. However her childish neediness is on show as she is shown as impatient.
"O that deceit dwell in such a gorgeous place"
Juliet Act 3: Here Juliet is shown as immature. For the first time she has realised the truth. Her love for Romeo is based off lust and that he isn't a good person. But he won't accept it.
"My true knight"
Juliet Act 3: Here Juliet is shown as blinded by love. Though Romeo is shown as murderer (killing her cousin) she doesn't care.
"Farewell! Go knows when we shall meet again"
Juliet Act 4: Here Juliet is shown as a cruel and sinister. She knows that she is going to fake her death. But she is so immature to not think how this will make her family and mother feel. So much so that she even foreshadows it to his mum.
"I long die"
Juliet Act 4: Here Shakespeare shows her as hyperbolic. she is show over the top about Romeo, even though her marriage to Paris would be a lot better.
"Go, get thee hence for I will not away"
Juliet Act 5: He again Shakespeare shows Juliet as immature. She could go on to live a much more prosperous life with someone new after finding Romeo dead, but goes against this. Though this may be seen as loyal I call it stupid.
"O happy dagger"
Juliet Act 5: Finally Shakespeare shows Juliet as desperate. She could easily think through her options and of escaped but chooses not to instead and instead die.
In the play fate is shown as something that nothing can or will ever change.
"Star cross'd lover"
Fate Act 1 Scene 1: Fate is shown by Shakespeare to be something that cannot be avoided. The motif of the stars furthers this as it is meant to be.
"Death bury their parents strife"
Fate Act 1 Scene 1: Here Shakespeare foreshadowing of death at the end of the play in the prologue helps to show how everything is already set and will happen.
"The powerful grace that lies in herbs, plants"
Fate Act 2: Here in Friar Laurence's soliloquy fate is shown as already decided. The dramatic irony in this situation is crazy as we know that Romeo and Juliet will die already because of their love. And the guy who weds them is a potion maker.
"Not in a grave"
Fate Act 2: Here Shakespeare shows fate as something that cannot be stopped. Though Friar Laurence tries Romeo's fate is decided through his stubbornness. The threat by the friar is odd as it foreshadows how he will die anyway.
"The very bulge of silk" and "He is a courageous captain"
Fate Act 2: Here in these 2 quotes fate is shown as something that is unstoppable. The description of Tybalt's great fighting skills is odd as it's he that Tybalt kills.
"Head to Mantua" and "Take thou this vial"
Fate Act 3/4: Here Shakespeare shows fate as unavoidable as even though Friar Laurence tries to save suicidal Romeo from death. This is the reason why he dies as he is then not in on the plot. Shown in 2 quotes.
"I defy you stars"
Fate Act 5: Here Fate is shown by Shakespeare as painful and inescapable. This is best shown with Romeo showing his hatred to the stars. A motif that alludes to love.