Aim- To determine the influence of schema processing on both encoding and retrieval.
Method- Participants heard a story which contained information about a house. Half of the participants were asked to adopt a home-buyer schema when hearing the story, and the other half, a typical burglar schema. A distracting task was performed for 12 minutes before testing recall. After a further 5 minute delay, half the participants were then given the alternative schema (i.e. home-buyers were given burglar schemas and vice versa), and the other half were asked to retain their original schema, and recall was retested.
Results- Points directly linking to alternative schemas increased by 10%, whilst those relating to previous schemas declined.