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Terms in this set (83)
Battle of Little Bighorn
Crucial battle which the Native Americans won but which changed US tactics and led to the destruction of the Native way of life. The...
Tragic act of Native Americans who thought that could dance the dead back to life to sweep the white man away from their tribal lands. Caused a massacre. The...
Practically every single bit of a hunted buffalo was used by a tribe that killed it. What was buffalo dung used for?
Practically every single bit of a hunted buffalo was used by a tribe that killed it. What were buffalo bladders used for?
What were made from 10-20 buffalo skins and the responsibility of the women in the tribe?
Native American men, if they were well-off, sometimes had more than one wife. What is the term for this? They practiced...
Meet together as a Nation
What did different Indian 'bands' do once a year?
Indian chiefs were not...
Normally council gatherings only ended when...
What was the Plain's Indian's 'great spirit' called?
How did the Plains Indians believe that the spirit world guided their lives? Through...
What is this an image of? A...
Give the name of the sacred place that white miners overran, causing the Great Sioux War. The...
Plains Indians would go to war to steal horses, seek revenge or to destroy their enemies but never to...
Plains Indians only usually fought when their Buffalo food supplies were high in the...
Native Americans did not consider it heroic to die in battle, so they would run away if outnumbered. To the Americans this appeared to be...
After a fight in which their enemies had died, what did Plains Indian warriors take to stop their enemy's spirit meeting them in the afterlife? Their...
What ritual form of fighting did the tribes do with one another which meant casualties were very low?
Indian Removal Act 1830
What government act created a so-called 'permanent frontier' and led to the forced removal of the Plains Indians from the south eastern territory of the USA? Include the year. The...
Indian Appropriations Act 1851
What government act tried to confine Indians to reservations and tried to 'civilise' them? Include the year. The...
Where did Mountain Men find lots of fertile farmland that they reported in the East?
Where did Mountain Men find a sunny climate, great for fruit growing, that they reported in the East?
What happened in the East in 1837 which convinced some people to try their luck in the West? An...
Collapse in cereal crop prices
What happened in Mississippi which convinced some who lived in that State to move West? A...
Annexed it from Mexico
What did the USA do in 1848 which made California more accessible and attractive to settlers?
Bought it from Britain
What did the USA do in 1846 which made Oregon more accessible and attractive to settlers?
What famous belief did many Americans have, encouraged by the government, which said it was their God-given duty to civilise the West?
Pre-emption Act 1842
What act did the government pass which said settlers could claim 160 acres of land for $1.25 an acre? Include year
Which famous town did many migrants set off from (including the Donner Party) when heading along the Oregon Trail?
What did Brigham insist on enforcing during the journey to the Great Salt Lake to ensure it's success?
wagons into circles at night for protection
What did Brigham Young do to help the migrants on their journey to be protected? He taught them how to organise their...
Obeyed him without question
What did the migrants do towards Brigham Young that helped them to create a successful settlement at the Great Salt Lake? They...
All of it because it would prevent land disputes
How much of the land of the Great Salt Lake did Brigham Young say was owned by the Mormon Church? And why? You write '____ ___ ___ because it would ____________ ______ _________'
What did Young have the settlers build to deal with the problem of the land being difficult to farm?
An effective leader
The migrants listened to Young but what was essential if this was to lead to the successful settlement of the Great Salt Lake? It was crucial that Young was actually...
People with different skill sets
Young divided new migrants that arrived into groups so that they could go find land to settle and farm around the Great Salt Lake. What did each group have in it?
Perpetual Emigration Fund 1849
New migrants arriving was essential for the continued growth and success of the Great Salt Lake so that the United States would agree to make it an official State. How did the Mormons encourage new migrants to make the journey? The...(include year)
How many people moved to the Great Salt Lake from as far away as England by 1851?
The population of California was 15000 in 1848 but after the Gold Rush of 1849, how big was it?
Where did many migrants come from to try to take advantage of the California gold rush of 1849?
Water shortages, lack of fuel, extreme weather, dirt and disease and lack of building materials
Problems with LIVING on the Plains (You write): ___________ shortages, lack of ________, extreme ____________, dirt and __________ and lack of __________ ____________
Water shortages, extreme weather, the land was difficult to plough, the crops that the farmers planted in the East did not grow well on the plains and natural hazards like prairie fires
Problems with FARMING on the Plains (You write): __________ shortages, extreme ________, the land was difficult to _________, the ________ that the farmers planted in the East did not grow well on the plains and _______ hazards like prairie ______
What negative side effect did the 1848 California gold rush have because mining towns sprung up so quickly?
Name a lawless Californian town in which silver was discovered and the town grew with people trying to get rich.
Conflict with Native Americans, highway robbery, rowdyism and shoot-outs
What were the most common problems in the lawless mining towns that sprang up in the west? You write: 'Conflict with ___________ _____________, h_________ robbery, r___________ and s_______-o_____'
A county sheriff, town constables or city marshals for each settlement, militia during the Civil War, the courts and a Grand Jury
In a newly established western county what could you expect in terms of federal law enforcement? You write: 'A county ________, town ____________ or city _________ for each settlement, __________ during the Civil War, the ________ and a Grand _____
What word means anything that is controlled or overseen by the United States government in Washington?
Southern Homestead Act 1866
Which federal act was designed to help slaves freed after the civil war and poor whites who had not fought against the United States during the war? Include the year at the end. The...
6400 acres of land alongside the tracks for every mile of track built
What did the railroad companies get from the government to encourage them to build railroads across the great plains to the west? They got...
They brought more homesteaders, they brought equipment for the homesteaders, they encouraged the growth of the cattle industry and they disrupted the buffalo herds causing conflict with the Native Americans
What were the 4 key impacts of the railroads as listed in the textbook? You write: 'They brought more _______________, they brought _____________ for the homesteaders, they encouraged the growth of the _________ ____________ and they disrupted the _________ _______ causing conflict with the Native Americans
Homestead Act 1862
Which act passed during the Civil War, said that people could have 160 acres of land for free, provided they lived there and farmed the land for five years? (include year) The...
Timber and Culture Act 1873
Which act added a further 160 acres to what people could have if they settled in the west, so long as they agreed to plan 40 acres with trees? (Include year) The...
Self-governing windmill 1874
What did Daniel Halliday invent that helped homesteaders with their water supply problems and when? A high powered drill dug a huge well and this was used to power the well so that water could always be drawn out. A...
What type of wheat was introduced onto the plains by Russian immigrants that grew better on the plains than traditional American crops (these had failed to grow well in the harsh environment)?
Code of the West
In the west it was generally believed that people should sort their own problems out and as most owned guns, this could lead to shoot-outs. What was this belief known as? The...
Vast distances between settlements
Even when law enforcement did exist in places in the west, it was still difficult for them to have much impact because of the...
How many shootings do some historians estimate there were in the west between 1866 and 1900?
Name a famous bank robbing gang of ex-Confederate soldiers (impact of ending of war on West). The...
Wild Bill Hicock
Who was an ex-Union soldier who was famous for being a gunfighter and a city Marshal in Abilene? Known to have killed at least five men in shootouts. Was shot himself when holding a pair of aces and a pair of eights, now known as a 'dead man's hand'.
Buffalo Bill's Wild West show and Dime Novels
What two things helped create the over exaggerated version of the Wild West?
Who were initially appointed as law enforcement in the West by the president before the Department of Justice took over control?
Catch outlaws, gather posses and appoint deputies if they needed
What were US Marshals expected to do in their role? You write: Catch ____________, gather ____________ and appoint _____________ if they needed
What private law enforcement company that people could hire (and still exists) helped bring down the James-Younger gang? The
Pinkerton Detective Agency
Who took the law into their own hands in the West, usually due to a lack of federal law enforcement?
Where was Sheriff Henry Plummer caught and lynched by vigilantes when they found he was the leader of a gang robbing stage coaches, instead of catching them?
Smaller ranches and selective breeding
After the devastating winter of 1866-67, how did the cattle industry adapt so that they could be successful in the future? They downsized to...
Civil War 1860-65
What produced thousands of trained killers, many desperate to start a new life, thus leading to law and order issues in the west? (include year) The...
Sand Creek Massacre
What was the event called in which members of the Cheyenne tribe were massacred by US soldiers, when they thought they were under US army protection? The...
Process for making high quality leather from buffalo skins
What was discovered in the east in 1871 which led to the hunting and eventual complete destruction of the southern buffalo herd? A...
Discovery of gold in Colorado in 1859
What kick-started the Cheyenne Wars 1864-67? The...
Discovery of gold in Montana in 1862
What kick-started the Red Cloud War 1866-68? The...
Red Cloud War
Which was the only war that the Native Americans fought that they won? The...
He united several tribes to work together and he convinced the braves to fight through winter
Why was Red Cloud successful against the US army? You write: He _________ several __________ to work together and he convinced the braves to ________ through __________
Who was the first to create a ranch (many copied him) and thereby stop the need for the cattle drives?
Who created Abilene?
What was the trail called (named after the men that discovered it) that some cattle drives went on to sell cows to the US government to feed the Indians on the reservations? The...
A cow was worth $5 in Texas but how much would it be worth in the Eastern cities?
Most early ranches were typically un-fenced land, claimed by the rancher, which had a water supply and the cowboys had to walk the line to make sure cattle from other ranches didn't mix in. What was this called? The...
In 1840 how many buffalo were estimated to live on the Great Plains?
less than 1000
By 1890 how many buffalo were left in the USA?
Give them their annual cash payment
What kick-started Little Crow's War of 1861-62? The US government did not...
Under the first Treaty of Fort Laramie, how long were the Indian tribes given the reservation land for?
Who was killed along with 81 of his men in an ambush during the Red Cloud War?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Overview of Crime and Punishment
Brown v Topeka, Little Rock, Civil Rights Groups
Civil Rights Movement
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