Terms in this set (239)
conformité Européene - European quality control and safety standards
british standard institute - british quality control and safey standards
two components of the robin day stacking chair
plastic seat, metal frame
robin day stacking chair is made by...
can be heated and then pressured into different shapes
two examples of materials that can be injection moulded
polystyrene and polythene
injection moulding stages
granules of plastic powder into hopper, heated, screw thread starts turning, granules pushed along heater, melt, forced into mould, sets
lithography is a...
4 colours of lithography
yellow, cyan, magenta, black
lithography is often used for...
paper/card is measured in...
GSM (grams per square metre)
stock forms of paper/card
from A0 to A6
lightweight, thin, white
thin, good for printing
thick, textured, good for paints
strip heating uses...
acrylic or HIPS
stages of strip heating
mark positions with scribe, hold over for 30 secs, bend
strip heating is used for...
flat packing is...
when a product is sold in pieces and stored in a flat box for ease of transport
knock down fittings 3x advantages
no tools or machinery, cheaper to produce, easy assemble
knock down fittings disadvantage
more waste due to lower prices
layers of paper stuck together
paper/card consists of
a blend of wood pulp and recycles paper products
material source of paper/card
wood pulp from softwood trees (spruce, pine)
issue of paper/card
a number of vertical black stripes that graphically present numbers
pros of barcodes
efficient, track distribution and transport, automatically reorder products
people who buy products
someone who might buy a product
someone who is buying a service
a production line is....
when a product is produced in stages
pros of a production line
efficient way of manufacturing/assembling
cons of a production line (x3)
repetitive for workers, low skill, workers don't think they're important
4 stages of production
preparation of materials, processing technology, assembly technology, quality control
preparation of materials is...
selecting materials, making jigs, measuring
processing tech is...
using specialist tech, manufacturing individual parts
production line to assemble parts
quality control is...
testing, visual checks
batch production is
when 10s or 1000s of the same product are manufactured on a production line
example of something that's batch produced
continuous production is...
when a product is manufactured all the time
continuous production takes place on a...
semi-automated production line
why do continuous production?
to ensure that there's a continuous supply of the product
e.g of something that's continually produced
how is a continual production line achieved?
workers on shifts, semi automated
remote manufacturing is...
when a product is designed in one country and manufactured in another
why do remote manufacture?
cheaper to manufacture in LICs
e.g of remote manufacture
authors and books
stages of pewter casting
MDF mould, melt pewter, pour, sets, waste removed
at what temperature does pewter melt?
230 degrees c
2x safety points for pewter casting
mould should be in sand, leather apron
how to finish pewter
polisher machine with wax
a design icon is...
a design that is really influential or innovative
why would something be considered iconic? x3
innovative use of tech, clever styling, "must own" quality
e.g of an iconic design
coca-cola bottle due to it's distinctive shape
when was the coca-cola bottle designed?
a retro design is...
when products are made to the latest standards and technology, but are based on old styles
retro styling is commonly seen in... x2
electrical appliances, transport design
example of a retro design
designing a product to be comfortable and easy to use for a specific target market, uses anthropometrics
E.g. Of using ergonomics for sizing
Large buttons are easier to press
E.g. Of using ergonomics to prevent health problems
Chairs preventing back issues
E.g. Of using ergonomics for a target market
Sizes specific to age range
Body measurement data
Anthropometrics are used...
To design products that fit 90% of the target market
The cut off points for anthropometrics
5th and 95th percentile
3x ways to accommodate disabled users
Braille, larger buttons, audio signals
Use of cabinet screws
Join kitchen units together
Provides a threaded insert for a machine screw
Strong insert that fits into a hole for a machine screw
Colourful blocks used to take screws in both directions
Joints are used to...
Build structural strength into products
Simple but weak, can be mitred
Popular in commercial use, easy
Half of the material removed from each
Any of various joints formed by overlapping the ends or edges of two members
mortise and tenon joint
joint with a piece going into a hole, uses tenon saw and mortise chisel
Slot cut into 1 piece
A butt joint that is reinforced with shaped wooden "biscuits."
a furniture joinery technique of interlocking "wedge" shaped finger cut-outs
Used alone, nails are...
2x uses of nails
Holding wood whilst glue dries, diy
How to make nails stronger
Put them in at an angle
Screws are used for...
Fixing materials to timber
How to make screws stronger
Use them across the wood grain
strategy of deliberately designing products to fail in order to shorten the time between purchases
Environmental impacts of planned obsolescence
Landfill, replacing parts uses materials and energy
consumers perceive product as inferior when it is actually still useable
Example of perceived obsolescence
Upgrading mobile phones
Function of finishes
To enhance a product visually and protect it from deterioration
Function of oil as a finish
Improves the appearance of the grain of wood
Function of wood stains as a finish
Enhance timber colour and grain
Plastic dip coating
The process of dipping a heated metal into thermoplastic powder.
Example of products that are plastic dip coated
Heated product sprayed with powder to = a paint like finish
Applying a thin layer of zinc to a surface of iron or steel
Why galvanise something?
To make it corrosive resistant
Cons of galvanisation
Polishing is used on...
Timbers, metals, hard plastics
When polishing timber....
Wax fills the pores and builds up an outer layer
When polishing metal...
Surface of metal is cut away until smooth
Example of a product inspired by nature
Anglepoise lamp inspired by human arm
Way to remember the timeline of design movements
Aiza Ali can do maths and mechanics
Time line of design movements
Arts and crafts art nouveau cubism de Stijl modernism Art Deco Memphis
The two design movements based around function
When was the Art Deco movement
Mid 20th century
When was the Memphis movement
Late 20th century
When was the cubism movement
Early 20th century
When was the art nouveau movement
Late 18th century
When was the de Stijl movement?
Early 20th century
When was the modernism movement
Early 20th century
When was the arts and craft movement
Timber from slow growing deciduous or broad-leafed trees
Soft wood is...
Timber from fast growing coniferous or needle-leafed treed
manufactured board is...
timber sheets that are made by gluing together wood layers or wood fibres
why use manufactured board?
it's available in large sheets
how to sketch plywood
layers of wood with the grains going in opposite directions
growth marks visible on the surface of timber
how easy a material is to manipulate
how strong something is
MDF stands for...
medium density fibre
WBP stands for...
water and boil proof
chip board is...
a manufactured board made from waste materials
a manufactured board made from veneers
2x uses for chip board
animal hutches, furniture
con of chip board
why must you cover the edges of manufactured boards?
to cover the lines or rough fibres
what is blockboard similar to?
two uses for blockboard
advantage of melamine
uses of melamine
pan handles, worktops
2x uses for ash wood
sports equipment, chairs
3x properties of beech
straight grain, light colour, good workability
3x properties of teak
golden brown colour, oily, resistant to moisture
how can you make manufactured board look better?
glue thin layers of hardwood onto it
what is the name of the technique used to make board look better?
2x properties of plywood
is plywood recyclable?
is laminate paper suitable for recycling?
composite materials are created to....
improve the properties of materials
2x materials that can = a composite material
zinc and copper
how does market research help develop a product?
to collect information using questionnaires etc, enables the provider to improve their product
how does prototyping develop a product?
the first stage in developing a product, a model of the product is used for testing and evaluating
how does evaluation help to develop a product?
the product can be tested and modifications made at any stage of production
2x applications of ICT
online surveys, 2D design
explain the use of online surveys
used during market research, understand the needs/wants of the client
explain the use of 2D design
used during the development stages, to manufacture and draw out designs for the product
what special quality should a hot food/drink container have
which movement was founded by william morris?
arts and craft movement
the arts and crafts movement was inspired by...
natural patterns and forms
the art nouveau design movement was based on...
natural, organic lines
which movement included designers like Charles Rennie Mackintosh?
which design movement was influenced by industrial designs and geometric shapes
which movement was founded by a german school of art and design & looked at mass producton?
which movement started in holland and used extreme geometric designs?
which design movement was influenced by tutankhamens tomb?
piet mondrian and gerrit rietveld were associated with...
alec issigonis is best known for...
designing the mini morris
mary quant is best known for...
designing the mini skirt
what became more inmportant in the 1980s?
brands and designer labels
ettore sottsass was part of the...
a current trend characterised by a lack of straight lines, made possible by the development of CADCAM technology
Use of layout and tracing paper
Use of bleed-proof paper
Used with water-based and spirit-based pens
Use of cartridge paper
Printed flyers or leaflets
Use of grid paper
Use of corrugated cardboard
Boxes and packaging
Use of duplex board
Use of foil-lined board
Drink and food cartons
Use of foam core board
Use of solid white board
Printing (book covers etc)
Use of inkjet card
Printing with inkjet printers (cards)
Standard form of paper or card
Sheets or rolls
Some paper and card forms have more than one...
Layer or ply
Paper and card sizes are specified by an...
ISO - international organisation for standardization
Smallest paper size
Largest paper size
Weight of paper and card is given in...
GSM - grams per square metre
Paper and card are made from...
Cellulose fibres derived from wood or grasses
give an example of product maintenance
give an example of how product lifespan is conveyed to the user
best before/use by dates
Do Not Iron
cannot iron the material
Do Not Tumble Dry
cannot tumble dry material
only hand wash material
shows the temperature the material should be washed at
What do standard components do?
make it easier to maintain products
an example of using standard components
using plain white buttons so they can easily be replaced
flat pack furniture can easily be...
assembled at home by the consumer
give 3 key points of flat pack furniture
all parts are pre-drilled, some sub-assemblies already put together, CADCAM used to ensure accuracy
what do assembly/instruction booklets do?
tell the consumer how to assemble and use the product
assembly/instruction booklets must be...
easy to understand regardless of language
food labelling is controlled by...
name 3 things required by law to be on food labels
ingredients, nutritional info, best before/use by dates
give the 6 reasons for having packaging
protection, information, display, transportation, containing, preservation
meeting the needs of society without depleting resources or harming natural cycles for future generations
what do packaging symbols do?
inform consumers about hazards, storage and handling, maintenance and disposal
what are the benefits of re-using products?
less processing needed, which is cheaper and more eco-friendly
the amount of carbon produced by any human activity and its effect on the environment
carbon footprints are measured in...
units of CO2
the number of miles a product travels in it's lifetime
what are the 6 Rs?
reduce, re-use, recycle, repair, refuse, re-think
what is refuse?
no accepting unethical or wasteful designs
what is a quality circle?
a group of employees who meet regularly to consider ways of resolving problems and improving production
give 2 factors that have historically influenced product design
development of industrial production leading to batch methods, development of new materials
what kind of styles was de Stijl famous for?
rectangles and primary colours
give two things that might make a product evolve over time
new technologies (micro-electronics), developments of new materials (smart materials)
give an example of a product that has evolved over time
the first plastic made from synthetic components
british standards institute
why put standard symbols on products?
to demonstrate safety and show it follows trade and standards laws
4 ways to accommodate wheelchairs
wider corridors, lift access, smooth paths, charging stations
benefit of using polystyrene in packaging
can be moulded around product
what does copyright do?
transfers all trademark and selling rights to the manufacturer, making it illegal for another company to copy the design
what are VOCs?
volatile organic compounds
Portable appliance testing - examination of electrical appliances and equipment to ensure they are safe to use
finishing technique for aluminium
finishing technique for steel
galvanised (zinc plated)
high-density polyethylene (hard hats)
finishing technique for cardboard
finishing techniques for ceramics
hand painting, glazing
finishing techniques can remove marks...
that show how a product was made
what creates consumer demand?
the market place
what does TQM stand for?
total quality management
what are standard controls?
targets against which products are compared
what is wastage/wasting?
the removal of unwanted material when making a product
what are addition processes?
adding material to a product
what are deforming/reforming processes?
changing the shape of a material without adding or removing material
what makes the holes in paper so you can rip it easily
a perforation cutter
what cuts out nets?
a die cutter
what does a creasing bar do?
makes folds more accurate
working triangles ensure that...
three key aspects are always within reach
what does PAR stand for?
planed all round
means the product has been produced in the third world and the producer got a fair price
what are aroma pigments?
inks that produce a scent when scratched
how do aroma pigments work?
micro-spheres with absorbed aroma pigment are reptured
what does ACCESSFM help you to do?
write a specification and analyse and describe a product
aesthetics, cost, customer, environment, size, safety, function, material