15 terms

As-Level Sociology: Researchers

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Lesley Best (1992)
She is a liberal feminist who used qualitative secondary data to discover that preschool reading books portray males and females in their traditional roles.
Fuller (1984)
Found that not all students accepted their labels. In fact, the black African- Caribbean girls that Fuller studied actively rejected their negative labels and went on to achieve good results.
Nairn (1988)
Found that people associate the royal family with niceness, decency and ordinariness. Seen to be like us but not like us because the queen is a hard working mother who is doing extraordinary things. Obsession with the royal family after WW2.
Cohen and Young
Has similar views to neo-, Marxist who see that society is not a meritocracy, they found that the British culture is monetary culture categorized by as a "chaos of rewards" e.g. rewarded for claiming bankruptcy, celebrities over rewarded for their talent.
Buttsch (1992)
Working class portrayed as flawed individuals e.g. benefits cheats
Bourdieu
Created the term cultural reproduction; meaning the main goal of the education system is to reproduce inequalities through the transmission of norms and values through each generation. Also created the idea of Habitus which is different cultural capital, social values and economic capital which make up each class. The education system is designed around the Middle class habitus.
Illich
Created the term deschooling which is and alternative form of education involving the abolishment of formal schools.
Althusser
coned the phrase Ideological State Apparatus (ISA) which is a term used to describe superstructures (such as religion, media and education) which maintain class control through consent rather than coercion.
Positional theory
a persons position in the class system that gives an advantage or disadvantage, in the competitive world of education.
Vocationalism
A philosophy claiming that the content of the curriculum should be governed by a particular occupational field.
Steven Ball (2003)
Refers to middle class parents as "skilled choosers"; they are more comfortable dealing with schools and use social networks to talk to parents whose children are attending that school. They are also more used to dealing with and negotiating with teachers. If entry to a school is limited, they are more likely to gain a place for their child.
Comte
Argued that sociology should be based upon the same methods and natural science. He said if we could find facts about society we could then identify a cause and effect relationship and laws in society.
Durkheim Info 1
Said that social facts, institutions, beliefs and values of society, should be treated the same way as the objects and the process of the scientific world. Said social facts could be measured by quantified data. He studied suicide rates in different cultures and countries.
Popper
Said we need to take the approach of falsifying our findings in sociology (Poppers theory of falsification). This means trying to disprove our theory with data rather than looking for evidence to prove a theory. Sociologists like Popper and Durkheim would of used an inductive approach.
Kuhn
Said science was based on paradigms, he thought that sociology cannot be a science since there are a range of sociological perspectives, or different paradigms. He believes that science only has one paradigms and therefore since sociology has many it can never be a science.