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Arts and Humanities
Social and Political Philosophy
Component 3 - Social Inequality
Terms in this set (53)
Class, status and power are important factors
Rex and Tomlinson
The black underclass
Working class are becoming more like the middle class.
Goldthorpe and Lockwood
Affluent workers - dismisses that we're all middle class.
Barron and Norris
Dual labour market - primary = stable and secondary = unstable
Adonis and Pollard
There is a super class in society - elitism
Sees the middle classes as divided into two groups.
Introduced the National Minimum Wage
False class consciousness - w/c presented that society is fair.
Hegemony - we all believe the values of the ruling class
There was a crisis in hegemony in the 1980s.
Ideological state apparatus - educated in to believing the views of the ruling class.
Developed Marx's idea of two classes to introduce the middle class.
Managers are in between the classes as they reinforce capitalism but are exploited
Introduced the Education Maintenance Allowance to encourage w/c to stay in education
Introduced in order to help w/c parents to work.
Inequality reinforces social solidarity
Black women experience inequalities of gender and race.
Women have more to lose than men.
30-30-40 thesis: 30% unemployed, low paid, insecure work; 30% with some job security and quality of life; 40% - privileged workers in secure and regular employment.
Davis and Moore
Role allocation and meritocracy
Bowles and Gintis
Meritocracy is a myth
Functionalism ignores structural inequality.
Occupational class is a powerful influence.
Role of the state is to serve the interests of capitalism.
The rich are becoming richer and the poor are becoming poorer.
The richest corporations do not pay their dues.
Westergaard and Resler
The ruling class are those who own the top 5-10% of capital.
Lower middle class has a better market situation than the working class.
The middle class share educational power.
Service class vs intermediate class
Middle class possess more assets (property, organisational and cultural)
Dominance of the housewife role causing inequality.
Change in aspirations
Women are there to support capitalism
Women are the takers of shit
Feminism went too far in criticising men.
Human Capital Theory
Men have more labour power than women
Olsen and Walby
Jobs by women require less training, education and promotion opportunities.
Dual systems - housework is important and under rated.
Rex and Tomlinson argue that those from BME groups are not represented politically.
Afro-caribbean's have greater mistrust of the system.
Inner city ghetto areas frustrations due to ethnic inequality have led to violence.
Those from BME groups are more welfare dependent.
Host immigrant model - inequality is due to migrants not becoming more English.
Divided working class model
BME fill the least desirable jobs in the working class (Castles and Kosack)
Unitary working class model
BME experience inequality because they are proletariat (Westergaard and Resler)
Race and class are independent factors but must be studied in relation to each other.
BME groups are presented as inferior in the media.
Elite self recruit
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