Authorial Techniques

Mrs. Mo's class! Mostly straight from the packet. IB World Lit 1 H. H. Dow High

Terms in this set (...)

First person point of view/Unreliable Narrator
Provides insight into one person's thoughts and feelings; at the same time the presentation of the subject is limited to what the person knows and experiences
Second person point of view
When the narrator directly addresses the audience or "you" to pull the reader into the piece
Third person/Omniscient point of view
An objective point of view - detached and observant but all-knowing
Rhetorical questions
Narrators often ask these questions to plant a thought or reveal an internal struggle
Author's Tone
The author's implied opinion on the plot, characters, and themes
Intimate Voice
Language between lovers or by adults to small children or pets
Casual Voice
Language among friends and family, no planning involved, in-jokes or references, not always grammatical
Consultative Voice
More organized language used for class discussions or in seminars/meetings, more forethought and organization, no abbreviations
Deliberate Voice
Kind of language in a scholarly essay or in a public lecture - very planned
Oratorical or "frozen" Voice
Totally impersonal and always completely prepared - language of law courts and church ceremonies
A statement that is deliberatly less forecful or dramatic than the subject would seem to justify or require
The suggestions, associations, or implications invoked by a word or phrase
The dictionary or literal meaning of a word of phrase
Active Verbs
Create an impression of action and immediacy
Passive Verbs
Create a more reflective impression
Words that describe nouns
Words that describe actions (Both adjectives and adverbs are used to contribute to complex style; the absence of either simplifies the style
Short-clipped Phrases
Includes one word sentences and / or fragments; emphasize ideas or slow down the reader, forcing them to concentrate on particular details
Moderate, Direct phrases
Normal, clear and direct phrasing
Long, Complicated phrases
Long lists and / or run-ons; usually create an overwhelming feeling or one of chaos
Parallel Structure
Repetition of the same pattern of words or phrases within a sentence or passage. Show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance.
Helps to organize ideas & make text easier to understand
Creates a satisfying rhythm in the language the author uses
Stream of Consciousness
Portrays an individual's point of view by giving the written equivalent of he character's thought process.
Loose interior monologue or in connection to his or her actions
Characterized by associative leaps in language rules and punctuation that can make the writing difficult to follow
Repetition of a work or phrase at the beginning of a sentence
Sensory Detail
Use of various senses to provide rich and varied descriptions
Figurative Language
Langauge used to compare two unlike things
Draws a comparison between two different things, using the words "like" or "as"
Word or phrase that is not meant literally but vividly compares two things
Giving human traits to nonhuman things
Exaggerating without intending to be literally true
Use of part of something to signify the whole

ex: "suits" for buisness executives
The pairing of two contradictory words

ex: "icy fire" "cold comfort "silent scream"
Placing two or more things together, especially in order to suggest a link between them or to emphasize the contrast between them
Actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and / or interests
Internal and External
Plot Device
Object or character in a story whose sole purpose is to advance the plot of the sotry, or alternatively to overcome some difficulty in the plot
Plot Twist
Change("twist") in the direction or expected outcome of the plot. Common practice in narration used to keep the interest of an audience
Some are foreshadowed and can be predicted, while others are a shock
When a Character has a sudden intuitive leap of understanding, especially through an ordinary but striking occurrence
Dramatic Visualization
Representing of an object or character with an abundance of descriptive detail, or the imitation of gestures and dialogue in such a way as to make a given scene 'visual'
Repetitive Designation
Foreshadowing technique containing repeated references to some character or object, which appears insignificant when first mentioned but which reappears later to intrude suddenly in the narrative.
Lirerary work using wit, especially irony, sarcasm, and ridicule, ot criticize faults
Literary style that deliberately copies another work in a comic or satirical way
Back Story
Story "behind" or "before" the events portrayed in the story
Past events or background for a character can serve to add additional meaning to current circumstances
Provides depth to the story by anchoring it in external events, real or imagined
Author Surrogate
A character who acts as the author's spokesman.
May intentionally or unintentionally be an idealized version of the author
Novel about the early years of somebody's life, exploring the development of his or her character or personality
Typical, ideal or classic example of something that is used repeatedly in art or literature
Character included to highlight or contrast another character
When a future event is referred to in anticipation.
Ex: Character about to die referred to as "the dead man"
Provides clues for the reader to be able to predict what might occur later on in the story
Frame Story
An introductory main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage for another narrative
Often organizes a set of shorter stories, each of which is a story within a story.
Leads from first story to the smaller ones within
In media res
Latin phrase denoting a story that begins at either the mid-point or the conclusion.
Establishes setting, character and/or conflict via flashback and expository conversation relating the pertinent past
Poetic effect achieved by using several words that begin with the same or similar consonants
Poetic effect achieved by using several words that begin with the same or similar vowel sounds
Words that indicate sounds
Ex. "boom" "neigh" "plop"